Yield loss caused by soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, in Iran

in Nematology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, is of major economic importance and widely distributed throughout the world. The effect of H. glycines HG Type 0 on seed yield of susceptible and resistant soybean cultivars was assessed with and without nematicide application in two naturally infested fields in Iran. Soybean cvs BP (susceptible) and DPX (resistant) were arranged in a randomised complete block design and fenamiphos 10G was used in-furrow as a treatment. The population levels of eggs and second-stage juveniles of H. glycines were determined in soil samples collected at planting and harvesting time. Although no above-ground symptoms of nematode infection were visible, mean yield was 48% greater for the resistant cultivar compared with the susceptible cultivar. The yield of cv. BP increased by 16% in plots treated with fenamiphos compared with untreated plots. The resistant cultivar suppressed the reproduction rate of H. glycines. Seed composition, including protein and oil, did not show significant differences between resistant and susceptible cultivars. This is the first demonstration of the yield loss caused by the soybean cyst nematode in Iran.

Yield loss caused by soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, in Iran

in Nematology



AlstonD.G.SchmittD.P. (1987). Population density and spatial pattern of Heterodera glycines in relation to soybean phenology. Journal of Nematology 19336-345.

AlstonD.G.SchmittD.P.BradleyJ.R.CobleH.D. (1993). Multiple pest interactions in soybean: effects on Heterodera glycines egg populations and crop yield. Journal of Nematology 2542-49.

BonnerM.J.SchmittD.P. (1985). Population dynamics of Heterodera glycines life stages on soybean. Journal of Nematology 17153-158.

ChenS.PorterP.M.OrfJ.H.ReeseC.D.StienstraW.C.YoungN.D.WalgenbachD.D.SchausP.J.ArltT.J.BreitenbachF.R. (2001). Soybean cyst nematode population development and associated soybean yields of resistant and susceptible cultivars in Minnesota. Plant Disease 85760-766.

DonaldP.A.PiersonP.E.St MartinS.K.SellersP.R.NoelG.R.MacGuidwinA.E.FaghihiJ.FerrisV.R.GrauC.R.JardineD.J.  (2006). Assessing Heterodera glycines-resistant and susceptible cultivar yield response. Journal of Nematology 3876-82.

DunnR.A. (1969). Extraction of cysts of Heterodera species from soils by centrifugation in high density solutions. Journal of Nematology 17. [Abstr.]

EppsJ.M.YoungL.D.HartwigE.E. (1981). Evaluation of nematicides and resistant cultivar for control of soybean cyst nematode race 4. Plant Disease 65665-666.

HartwigE.E. (1981). Breeding productive soybean cultivars resistant to the soybean cyst nematode for the southern United States. Plant Disease 65303-307.

HeatherlyL.G.PringleH.C.SciumbatoG.L.YoungL.D.EbelharM.W.WesleyR.A.TupperG.R. (1992). Irrigation of soybean cultivars susceptible and resistant to soybean cyst nematode. Crop Science 32802-806.

HerbertD.A.Rodriguez-KabanaR.BackmanP.A.MackT.P. (1987). Effects of aldicarb on nematodes, early season insect pests, and yield of soybean. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 1978-83.

HeydariR.PourjamE.Tanha MaafiZ.SafaieN. (2008). Evaluation of some common soybean cultivars to the major type of soybean cyst nematode of Iran, Heterodera glycines HG Type 0. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 44319-329.

HeydariR.PourjamE.Tanha MaafiZ.SafaieN. (2010). Comparative host suitability of common bean cultivars to the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, in Iran. Nematology 12335-341.

JenkinsW.R. (1964). A rapid centrifugal-flotation technique for separating nematodes from soil. Plant Disease Reporter 48692.

KoenningS.R. (2000). Density-dependent yield of Heterodera glycines-resistant and susceptible cultivars. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 32502-507.

KoenningS.R. (2004). Resistance of soybean cultivars to field populations of Heterodera glycines in North Carolina. Plant Disease 88942-950.

KoenningS.R.AnandS.C.WratherJ.A. (1988). Effect of within-field variation in soil texture on Heterodera glycines and soybean yield. Journal of Nematology 20373-380.

KoenningS.R.CobleH.D.BradleyJ.R.BarkerK.R.SchmittD.P. (1998). Effect of a low rate of aldicarb on soybean and associated pest interactions in fields infested with Heterodera glycines. Nematropica 28205-211.

NoelG.R. (1987). Comparison of “Fayette” soybean, aldicarb, and experimental nematicides for management of Heterodera glycines on soybean. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 1984-88.

NoelG.R.SikoraE.J. (1990). Evaluation of soybeans in maturity groups I-IV for resistance to Heterodera glycines. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 22795-799.

SchmittD.P.CorbinF.T.NelsonL.A. (1983). Population dynamics of Heterodera glycines and soybean response in soils treated with selected nematicides and herbicides. Journal of Nematology 15432-437.

SchmittD.P.FerrisH.BarkerK.R. (1987). Response of soybean to Heterodera glycines races 1 and 2 in different soil types. Journal of Nematology 19240-250.

SmithG.S.NiblackT.L.MinorH.C. (1991). Response of soybean cultivars to aldicarb in Heterodera glycines-infested soils in Missouri. Suppplement to the Journal of Nematology 23693-698.

Tanha MaafiZ.GeraertE.KheiriA.SturhanD. (1999). Occurrence of soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines Ichinohe, 1952 in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology 3563-64.

Tanha MaafiZ.SalatiM.RiggsR.D. (2008). Distribution, population density, race and type determination of soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, in Iran. Nematology 10919-924.

TengP.S. (1985). Crop loss assessment methods: current situation and needs. In: BarkerK.R.CarterC.C.SasserJ.N. (Eds). An advanced treatise on Meloidogyne Vol. II: methodology . Raleigh, NC, USANorth Carolina State University Graphics pp.  149-158.

ToddT.C.SchapaughW.T.LongJ.H.HolmesB. (1995). Field response of soybean in maturity groups III-V to Heterodera glycines in Kansas. Journal of Nematology 27628-633.

WangJ.NiblackT.L.TremainJ.W.WieboldW.J.TylkaG.L.MarettC.C.NoelG.R.MyersO.SchmidtM.W. (2003). Soybean cyst nematode reduces soybean yield without causing obvious symptoms. Plant Disease 87623-628.

WheelerT.A.PiersonP.E.YoungC.E.RiedelR.M.WilsonH.R.EisleyJ.B.SchmitthennerA.F.LippsP.E. (1997). Effect of soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) on yield of resistant and susceptible soybean cultivars grown in Ohio. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 29703-709.

WratherJ.A.AndersonT.R.ArsyadD.M.TanY.PloperL.D.Porta-PugliaA.RamH.H.YorinoriJ.T. (2001). Soybean disease loss estimates for the top 10 soybean producing countries in 1998. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 23115-121.

YoungL.D. (1996). Yield loss in soybean caused by Heterodera glycines. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 28604-607.

YoungL.D.HartwigE.E. (1988). Evaluation of soybeans resistant to Heterodera glycines race 5 for yield and nematode reproduction. Supplement to the Journal of Nematology 2038-40.


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 6
Full Text Views 33 33 29
PDF Downloads 3 3 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0