Nematodes of the Wonderfontein Cave (Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa)

in Nematology
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Although the importance of nematodes, especially in soil ecosystems, is well appreciated, very little is known about the occurrence of and ecosystem services provided by cavernicolous nematodes. This study was undertaken to determine the nematode occurrence, density and distribution in the Wonderfontein Cave (South Africa), which is subjected to the influx of water from the Wonderfontein Spruit. Of the 53 nematode genera collected from the Wonderfontein Cave during the first (April 2013) and second (September 2013) sampling intervals, 22 have never been reported from a cave environment. Results indicated that many of the nematodes found may only be temporary residents introduced from the surface environment. This study reveals the necessity of further efforts to investigate the nematode communities associated with subterranean environments, which will provide a better understanding of the functioning of the associated ecosystems.

Nematodes of the Wonderfontein Cave (Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa)

in Nematology



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  • View in gallery

    The location of the Wonderfontein Cave in the Gauteng Province (South Africa) with the Main Entrance Sinkhole situated 5.7 km north-north-west of central Carletonville. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via

  • View in gallery

    A survey map of the Wonderfontein Cave (modified from Kent et al. (1978)) illustrates the main features of the extensive system indicating also the subterranean and surface (Cave Inflow Area) sampling sites from which, if available, water, soil, sediment and guano was sampled. Blue arrows represent the main water flow path. This figure is published in colour in the online edition of this journal, which can be accessed via

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