Although the importance of nematodes, especially in soil ecosystems, is well appreciated, very little is known about the occurrence of and ecosystem services provided by cavernicolous nematodes. This study was undertaken to determine the nematode occurrence, density and distribution in the Wonderfontein Cave (South Africa), which is subjected to the influx of water from the Wonderfontein Spruit. Of the 53 nematode genera collected from the Wonderfontein Cave during the first (April 2013) and second (September 2013) sampling intervals, 22 have never been reported from a cave environment. Results indicated that many of the nematodes found may only be temporary residents introduced from the surface environment. This study reveals the necessity of further efforts to investigate the nematode communities associated with subterranean environments, which will provide a better understanding of the functioning of the associated ecosystems.
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The biology of caves and other subterranean habitats. Oxford, UKOxford University Press.
Du PreezG.C.TheronP.FourieD. (2013). Terrestrial mesofauna biodiversity in unique karst environments in southern Africa. In: Filippi M. & Bosak P. (Eds). Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speleology. Brno Czech Speleological Society pp. 386-390.
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Die karst-ekologie van die Bakwenagrot (Gauteng).
Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Natuurwetenskap en Tegnologie311-17.
HammanD.Van RensburgL. (2012).
The transfer and accumulation of trace metals from the Wonderfonteinspruit into the surrounding environment. In:
Water and society. Ashurst, UKWIT Press pp.
Nematodes from extreme freshwater habitats. In:
Freshwater nematodes: ecology and taxonomy. Wallingford, UKCAB International pp.
Methods for extraction, processing and detection of plant and soil nematodes. In:
Plant-parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture. Wallingford, UKCAB International pp.
Life cycle and calculation of the intrinsic rate of natural increase of two bacterivorous nematodes, Panagrolaimus sp. and Poikilolaimus sp. from chemoautotrophic Movile Cave, Romania.
Predatory copepods can control nematode populations: a functional-response experiment with Eucyclops subterraneus and bacterivorous nematodes.
Fundamental and Applied Limnology/Archiv für Hydrobiologie172317-324.