Effect of short-term growth of mung bean and its soil incorporation on the density of the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, in pot experiments

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We previously reported that incorporation of bean sprout residue into soil stimulated hatching of the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term growth of mung bean (Vigna radiata), the raw material of bean sprout, and its incorporation into the soil on the density of SCN in soil. When mung bean was grown in pots for 2 and 4 weeks in a SCN-infested andosol, incorporated into the soil and further incubated for 2 weeks, the SCN density decreased markedly. Mung bean was also grown in pots under different moisture conditions. The SCN density decreased in the soils with 48-68 g water, but not with 39 g water (100 g dry soil)−1 in which mung bean grew the poorest. The present study suggests that short-term growth of mung bean may be useful to decrease the density of SCN in soil.

Nematology

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Nematological Research

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References

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Figures

  • Effect of the number of mung bean seeds per pot on the density of Heterodera glycines in soil after 1 week of growth, its incorporation and then 2 or 4 weeks of incubation. Different letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05 (Tukey’s test).

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  • Effect of growth period of mung bean for 1-4 weeks on the density of Heterodera glycines in soil after its incorporation and 2 weeks of incubation. Different letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05 (Tukey’s test).

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  • Effect of different kinds of green manure on the density of Heterodera glycines in soil after 10 days of growth, its incorporation and 2 weeks of incubation. Asterisks indicate significant differences from control at P<0.05 (Fisher’s test).

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  • Effect of different kinds of mung bean on the density of Heterodera glycines in soil after 2 weeks of growth, its incorporation and 2 weeks of incubation. Asterisks indicate significant differences from control at P<0.05 (Tukey’s test).

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  • Effect of 2 weeks of mung bean growth and its incorporation (incorporation) or continuous mung bean growth (no incorporation) for 22 days on the number of Heterodera glycines second-stage juveniles (J2) in soil. Statistical analysis was done for comparison between incorporation and no incorporation. Different letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05 (Tukey’s test). Control was conducted without replication.

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  • Effect of water contents (g water (100 g dry soil)−1) on the density of Heterodera glycines in soil after 2 weeks of growth, its incorporation and 2 weeks of incubation. Data below the picture show fresh weights of the plant biomass per pot. Different letters indicate significant differences at P<0.05 (Tukey’s test).

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