Effect of Heterodera glycines and soil chemical and biological cultivation factors on the yield of green soybean grown in a glasshouse in Japan

in Nematology
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Yellowing symptoms sometimes cause yield losses in green soybean cultivation. The objective of this study was to estimate the yield loss factors in a glasshouse. The parameters evaluated were plant-parasitic nematodes (Heterodera glycines, Pratylenchus penetrans, Meloidogyne spp.) and soil chemical properties. While the density of H. glycines did not show a negative correlation with yield in the February planting date, it showed a strongly negative correlation in the March planting date. Multiple regression analysis showed that yield was significantly correlated with P. penetrans and nitrate in the February planting, and with H. glycines and K in the March planting. The present study revealed that yield loss was caused by P. penetrans and nitrate in seasons with unsuitable temperatures for H. glycines hatch, and by H. glycines and alleviated by K in seasons with optimum temperatures for H. glycines hatching.

Effect of Heterodera glycines and soil chemical and biological cultivation factors on the yield of green soybean grown in a glasshouse in Japan

in Nematology

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Figures

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    Effects of planting date (February and March) on the relationships between green soybean yields and densities of plant-parasitic nematodes (SCN: soybean cyst nematodes; RLN: root-lesion nematodes; RKN: root-knot nematodes). P<0.05; ∗∗P<0.01; ∗∗∗P<0.001.

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    Relationship between densities of soybean cyst nematode (SCN) at transplanting and relative yields of green soybean in the sites (n = 41) with the March planting date. The relative yields (%) were calculated based on the average yield (100% = 1470 g m−2) in the plots (n = 6) with low SCN densities (17-40 (20 g dry soil)−1).

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