Interspecific and intraspecific competition in the potato cyst nematodes Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis

in Nematology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The effects of interspecific competition between the potato cyst nematodes (PCN), Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis, under variable population conditions were examined. PCN-susceptible potato cultivars were inoculated with single- and mixed-species populations of PCN. There was a significant difference in species multiplication between single- and mixed-species populations. Globodera rostochiensis multiplication in mixed-species populations was significantly lower than single-species populations. Density-dependent trials showed a significantly greater increase in multiplication of G. pallida at low inoculation densities relative to G. rostochiensis. These results indicate that G. pallida has a negative effect on G. rostochiensis populations and is the more successful species when competing. A staggered inoculation trial showed that the greater competitiveness of G. pallida was not wholly attributed to its later hatch. Globodera pallida outcompeted G. rostochiensis regardless of the timing of inoculation; however, G. pallida multiplication was lowest when plants were simultaneously inoculated with both species.

Nematology

International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Nematological Research

Sections

References

Al-NaimiF.A.GarrettK.A.BockusW.W. (2005). Competition, facilitation, and niche differentiation in two foliar pathogens. Oecologia 143, 449-457. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-004-1814-x

AlonsoR.AlemanyA.AndresM.F. (2011). Population dynamics of Globodera pallida (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) on two potato cultivars in natural field conditions in Balearic islands, Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 9, 589-596. DOI: 10.5424/sjar/20110902-151-10

ByrneJ.T.MaherN.J.JonesP.W. (2001). Comparative responses of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida to hatching chemicals. Journal of Nematology 33, 195-202.

Den NijsL.J. (1992a). Interactions between the closely related potato cyst nematode species Globodera rostochiensis (Woll.) and G. pallida (Stone). Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Den NijsL.J. (1992b). Interaction between Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida in simultaneous infections on potatoes with different resistance properties. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 15, 173-178.

Den NijsL.J.LockC. (1992). Differential hatching of the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida in root diffusates and water of differing ionic composition. European Journal of Plant Pathology 98, 117-128. DOI: 10.1007/BF01996324

DevineK.J.JonesP.W. (2001). Effects of hatching factors on potato cyst nematode hatch and in-egg mortality in soil and in vitro. Nematology 3, 65-74. DOI: 10.1163/156854101300106900

DevineK.J.JonesP.W. (2003a). Comparison of the production and mobility of hatching activity towards the potato cyst nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida within soil planted with a host potato crop. Nematology 5, 219-225. DOI: 10.1163/156854103767139716

DevineK.J.JonesP.W. (2003b). Investigations into the chemoattraction of the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida towards fractionated potato root leachate. Nematology 5, 65-75. DOI: 10.1163/156854102765216704

DevineK.J.DunneC.O’GaraF.JonesP.W. (1999). The influence of in-egg mortality and spintaneous hatching on the decline of Globodera rostochiensis during crop rotation in the absence of the host potato crop in the field. Nematology 1, 637-645. DOI: 10.1163/156854199508595

DuyckP.F.DortelE.TixierP.VinatierF.LoubanaP.M.ChabrierC.QuénéhervéP. (2012). Niche partitioning based on soil type and climate at the landscape scale in a community of plant-feeding nematodes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 44, 49-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.09.014

EisenbackJ.D. (1993). Interactions between nematodes in cohabitance. In: KhanM.W. (Ed.). Nematode interactions. London, UK, Chapman & Hall, pp.  134-174. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-1488-2

ElstonD.A.PhilipsM.S.TrudgillD.L. (1991). The relationship between initial population density of potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida and the yield of partially resistant potatoes. Revue de Nématologie 14, 213-219.

EttemaC.H. (1998). Soil nematode diversity: species coexistence and ecosystem function. Journal of Nematology 30, 159-169.

EvansK.WebsterR.BarkerA.HalfordP.RussellM.StaffordJ.GriffinS. (2003). Mapping infestations of potato cyst nematodes and the potential for spatially varying application of nematicides. Precision Agriculture 4, 149-162. DOI: 10.1023/A:1024505221801

GrecoN.InserraR.N.BrandonisioA.TirroA.De MarinisG. (1988). Life-cycle of Globodera rostochiensis on potato in Italy. Nematologia Mediterranea 16, 29-73.

HalfordP.D.RussellM.D.EvansK. (1995). Observations on the population dynamics of Globodera pallida under single and double cropping conditions. Annals of Applied Biology 126, 527-537. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb05387.x

HocklandS.NiereB.GrenierB.BlokV.PhillipsM.Den NijsL.AnthoineG.PickupJ.ViaeneN. (2012). An evaluation of the implications of virulence in non-European populations of Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis for potato cultivation in Europe. Nematology 14, 1-13. DOI: 10.1163/138855411X587112

KaczmarekA. (2014). Population dynamics of potato cyst nematodes in relation to temperature. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

KaczmarekA.MackenzieK.KettleH.BlokV.C. (2014). Influence of soil temperature on Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida. Phytopathologica Mediterranea 53, 396-405. DOI: 10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-13512

KarssenG.WesemaelW.MoensM. (2013). Root-knot nematodes. In: PerryR.N.MoensM. (Eds). Plant nematology, 2nd edition. Wallingford, UK, CAB International, pp.  73-108. DOI: 10.1079/9781780641515.0073

KortJ.BakkerJ. (1980). The occurrence of mixtures of potato cyst-nematode pathotypes or species. Nematologica 26, 272-274. DOI: 10.1163/187529280X00152

La MondiaJ.A.BrodieB.B. (1986). Effects of initial nematode density on population dynamics of Globodera rostochiensis on resistant and susceptible potatoes. Journal of Nematology 18, 159-164.

LetticeE.P.JonesP.W. (2016). Effect of soil and soil bacteria on hatching activity towards potato cyst nematodes (Globodera spp.). Nematology 18, 803-810. DOI: 10.1163/15685411-00002994

MarshallJ.M. (1986). Competition between two sibling species of plant parasitic nematodes (Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida) on a susceptible potato plant. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 13, 219-223.

MarshallJ.W. (1989). Changes in relative abundance of two potato cyst nematode species Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida in one generation. Annals of Applied Biology 115, 79-87. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1989.tb06814.x

MarshallJ.W. (1993). Detecting the presence and distribution of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida mixed populations in New Zealand using DNA probes. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 21, 219-233.

MoxnesJ.F.HauskenK. (2007). The population dynamics of potato cyst nematodes. Ecological Modelling 207, 339-348. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.06.020

PerryR.N.BeaneJ.MarettC.C.TylkaG.L. (2002). Comparison of the rate of embryogenic development of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida using flow cytometric analysis. Nematology 4, 553-555. DOI: 10.1163/156854102760290527

PhillipsM.ElliottM.HoltA.SmithA.PylypenkoL.ShahR.LópezD.R.BlokV. (2006). Predicting virulence behaviour of Globodera pallida populations. Scottish Crop Research Institute Annual Report 1, 26-27.

PhillipsM.S.TrudgillD.L. (1998a). Variation of virulence, in terms of quantitative reproduction of Globodera pallida populations, from Europe and South America, in relation to resistance from Solanum vernei and S. tuberosum ssp. andigena CPC 2802. Nematologica 44, 409-423. DOI: 10.1163/005525998X00070

PhillipsM.S.TrudgillD.L. (1998b). Population modelling and integrated control options for potato cyst nematodes. In: MarksR.J.BrodieB.B. (Eds). Potato cyst nematodes: biology, distribution and control. Wallingford, UK, CAB International, pp.  153-163.

PhillipsM.S.HackettC.A.TrudgillD.L. (1991). The relationship between the initial and final population densities of the potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida for partially resistant potatoes. Journal of Applied Ecology 28, 109-119. DOI: 10.2307/2404118

PowersT. (2004). Nematode molecular diagnostics: from bands to barcodes. Annual Review of Phytopathology 42, 367-383. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.phyto.42.040803.140348

ReidA.KenyonD.M.EvansF.F.MulhollandV.PickupJ.BlokV.C.PatersonA.PhillipsM.S. (2010). Development of a high-throughput method for the detection and species determination of PCN. Aspects of Applied Biology 103, 13-16.

ReidA.EvansF.MulhollandV.ColeY.PickupJ. (2015). High-throughput diagnosis of potato cyst nematodes in soil samples. In: LacommeC. (Ed.). Plant pathology: techniques and protocols. New York, USA, Springer, pp.  137-148. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2620-6_11

RobinsonM.P.AtkinsonH.J.PerryR.N. (1987). The influence of temperature on the hatching activity and lipid utilization of second stage juveniles of the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida. Revue de Nématologie 10, 349-354.

RyanN.A.DuffyE.M.CassellsA.C.JonesP.W. (1999). Effect of mycorrhizal inoculation on the hatching response of potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida to potato root leachate. Applied Soil Ecology 15, 233-240. DOI: 10.1016/S0929-1393(00)00099-8

RyanN.A.JonesP.W.DevineK. (2005). The effect of competition between G. rostochiensis and G. pallida on PCN multiplication rates on non-resistance potato cultivars. Proceedings of advances in potato cyst nematode management. Newport, UK, Harper-Adams University College, p. 1.

SalazarA.RitterE. (1992). Influence of nematicide, resistant and susceptible potato cultivars and bare fallow on the population dynamics of Globodera rostochiensis Woll. Rol under field conditions in Spain. Annals of Applied Biology 121, 161-166. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1992.tb03996.x

SalazarA.RitterE. (1993). Effects of daylength during cyst formation, storage time and temperature of cysts on the in vitro hatching of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 16, 567-572.

SchansJ. (1993). Population dynamics of potato cyst nematodes and associated damage to potato. Ph.D. Thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

SeinhorstJ.W. (1970). Dynamics of populations of plant parasitic nematodes. Annual Review of Phytopathology 8, 131-156. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.py.08.090170.001023

SeinhorstJ.W. (1986). The development of individuals and populations of cyst nematodes on plants. In: LambertiF.TaylorC.E. (Eds). Cyst nematodes. New York, NY, USA, Springer, pp.  101-117. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4613-2251-1_5

SeinhorstJ.W.OostromA. (1989). Reproduction of a mixture of pathotypes Ro1 of Globodera rostochiensis and Pa3 of G. pallida and its offspring on cvs. Cardinal and Irene. Nematologica 35, 469-474. DOI: 10.1163/002825989X00214

StantonJ.M.SartoriM. (1990). Hatching and reproduction of the potato cyst nematode, Globodera rostochiensis, from potato fields in Western Australia as influenced by soil temperature. Nematologica 36, 457-464. DOI: 10.1163/002925990x00428

StoreyG.W. (1982). Spatial population dynamics of potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis Woll. in sandy and peaty loam during the course of a growing season. Nematologica 282, 219-232. DOI: 10.1163/187529282X00079

TrudgillD.PhillipsM. (1997). Nematode population dynamics, threshold levels and estimation of crop losses. In: Plant nematode problems and their control in the Near East region. FAO plant production and protection paper 144, pp.  45-88.

TrudgillD.L. (1986). Yield losses caused by potato cyst nematodes: a review of the current position in Britain and prospects for improvements. Annals of Applied Biology 108, 181-198. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1986.tb01979.x

TrudgillD.L.PhillipsM.S.HackettC.A. (1996). The basis of predictive modelling for estimating yield loss and planning potato cyst nematode management. Pesticide Science 47, 89-94. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199605)47:1<89::AID-PS389>3.0.CO;2-S

TrudgillD.L.ElliottM.J.EvansK.PhillipsM.S. (2003). The white potato cyst nematode (Globodera pallida) – a critical analysis of the threat in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology 143, 73-80. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.2003.tb00271.x

TrudgillD.L.PhillipsM.S.ElliottM.J. (2014). Dynamics and management of the white potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida in commercial potato crops. Annals of Applied Biology 164, 18-34. DOI: 10.1111/aab.12085

Van BezooijenJ. (2006). Methods and techniques for nematology. Wageningen, The Netherlands, Nematology Manual, Wageningen University.

Van den BergW.RossingW.A.GrasmanJ. (2006). Contest and scramble competition and the carry-over effect in Globodera spp. in potato-based crop rotations using an extended Ricker model. Journal of Nematology 38, 210-221.

WebleyD.P.JonesF.G.W. (1981). Observations on Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis on early potatoes. Plant Pathology 30, 217-224. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.1981.tb01260.x

WiddowsonE.DoncasterC.C.FenwickD.W. (1958). Observations on the development of Heterodera rostochiensis Woll. in sterile root cultures. Nematologica 3, 308-314. DOI: 10.1163/187529258X00076

WinfieldA.L.EnfieldM.A.ForemanJ.H. (1987). A column elutriator for extracting cyst nematodes and other small invertebrates from soil samples. Annals of Applied Biology 111, 223-231. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1987.tb01449.x

Figures

  • The effect of staggered inoculation on Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis multiplication (Pf/Pi). Treatments were subject to inoculation intervals of 0 (simultaneous inoculation) or 7 days. Data were normalised using log10 transformation and analysed with a three-way ANOVA. Samples with a common letter are not significantly different (P>0.05) using the Tukey test; n = 10.

    View in gallery
  • The effect of inoculation density (proportion of Globodera pallida Pi:G. rostochiensis Pi) on the individual multiplication rate (Pf/Pi) of G. pallida (A) and G. rostochiensis (B). The initial inoculation densities levels were 0, 1310, 5240, 6550, 13 100, 19 650, 20 960, 24 890 and 26 200 second-stage juveniles (J2) pot−1 for G. pallida and 0, 1340, 5360, 6700, 13 400, 20 100, 21 440, 25 460 and 26 800 J2 pot−1 for G. rostochiensis. The data (n = 10) represent the multiplication (Pf/Pi) individual species and not the total population (i.e., non-cumulative Pi). The (Pf/Pi) of individual species was calculated as G. pallida Pf/G. pallida Pi and G. rostochiensis Pf/G. rostochiensis Pi.

    View in gallery
  • The effect of initial population density (% Pi) of Globodera pallida (black columns) and G. rostochiensis (grey columns) multiplication (Pf/Pi) on cv. Kerr’s Pink (A) and cv. Rooster (B). The data (n = 10) represent the relative multiplication of either species; Pf of G. pallida and G. rostochiensis as a function of the total Pi, i.e., cumulative Pi G. pallida and Pi G. rostochiensis. As such, the total Pi in each treatment is 26 800 second-stage juveniles pot−1. Data were analysed using three-way ANOVA after log10 transformation. An asterisk denotes a significant difference between species (P<0.05) using the Tukey test.

    View in gallery
  • The relationship between initial population density (Pi) and final population density (Pf) of Globodera pallida (■) and G. rostochiensis (▲) on cvs Kerr’s Pink, British Queen and Rooster. The data (n = 10) represent the Pf of G. pallida and G. rostochiensis as a function of the total Pi, i.e., cumulative Pi G. pallida and Pi G. rostochiensis. The total Pi in each treatment is 26 800 second-stage juveniles pot−1. Data represent quadratic and cubic regression analysis of Pf vs Pi nematode populations. Inocula were applied as cysts to achieve Pi values of 0-26 200 eggs pot−1 for G. pallida and 0-26 800 eggs pot−1 for G. rostochiensis.

    View in gallery

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 25 25 17
Full Text Views 23 23 9
PDF Downloads 6 6 3
EPUB Downloads 6 6 2