Plant-parasitic nematodes in some economically important crops in Myanmar – species, possible damage and control measures

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Rice, pulses and oilseed crops are major exporting crops in Myanmar. Many plant-parasitic nematodes, such as Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica, M. graminicola, Ditylenchus angustus, Hirschmanniella oryzae, Heterodera cajani and Pratylenchus spp., have been detected in these crops in different cropping patterns and are considered one of the reasons for their low yields. Previous surveys have shown potential impact to yield losses in the crops. This Forum article provides collective information on species of the major plant-parasitic nematodes, possible damage and available control measures to such economically important crops in Myanmar.

Plant-parasitic nematodes in some economically important crops in Myanmar – species, possible damage and control measures

in Nematology

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Figures

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    Map of Myanmar and its major crop growing areas. Major rice-growing areas: Ayeyarwaddy, Yangon, Bago; major pulses and sesame-growing areas: Central Dry Zone (CDZ) = Mandalay, Magway and Sagaing. Nay Pyi Taw.

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    Major rice-producing countries and their yields (data from FAOSTAT, 2014).

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    Major sesame-producing countries and their yields (data from FAOSTAT, 2014).

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    Major pulses-producing countries and their yields (data from FAOSTAT, 2014). Pulses include beans, chick pea, cow pea, groundnut, pea, pigeonpea and soybean.

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