Pathogenicity of the root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus zeae, on rice genotypes under different hydro-ecologies in Tanzania

In: Nematology

Summary

The root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus zeae, is commonly found in upland rice fields. To measure the impact of the nematode on rice production, a screenhouse experiment was conducted using two farmer-adapted Oryza sativa cultivars, ‘Supa’ (‘SurinamV-880’) and ‘SARO-5’ (‘TXD 306’), under flooded, upland and drought water regimes imposed at 7 days post-inoculation of mixed-stage nematodes (200, 500, 1000, 3000 and 10 000 plant−1). Growth and yield parameters were recorded, and the experiment was terminated after 5 months. ‘Supa’ was shown to be resistant to P. zeae, while ‘SARO-5’ was susceptible. Pratylenchus zeae reduced the growth and yield of both cultivars, though more for ‘SARO-5’ than for ‘Supa’. Yield decreased with increasing final nematode densities. Pratylenchus zeae reproduction was highest at 200 and 500 inoculum levels and under upland water conditions. The yield of ‘SARO-5’ was greater than that of ‘Supa’ under flooded conditions and with no or 200 and 500 nematode inoculum levels, but with high P. zeae inoculum ‘Supa’ yield was better than ‘SARO-5’.

  • ArimO.J.WacekeJ.W.WaudoS.W. & KimenjuJ.W. (2006). Effects of Canavalia ensiformis and Mucuna pruriens intercrops on Pratylenchus zeae damage and yield of maize in subsistence agriculture. Plant and Soil 284243-251. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-006-0053-9

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AungT. & ProtJ.C. (1990). Effects of crop rotations on Pratylenchus zeae and on yield of rice cultivar UPLRi-5. Revue de Nématologie 13445-447.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BabatolaJ.O. & BridgeJ. (1979). Pathogenicity of Hirschmanniella oryzae, H. spinicaudata, and H. imamuri on rice. Journal of Nematology 11128-132.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BanwoO. (2018). Management of major insect pests of rice in Tanzania – Review. Plant Protection Science 38108-113. DOI: 10.17221/4860-pps

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlairB.L. & StirlingG.R. (2007). The role of plant-parasitic nematodes in reducing yield of sugarcane in fine-textured soils in Queensland, Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 47620-634. DOI: 10.1071/EA05287

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BridgeJ. & PageS. (1982). The rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola, on deep water rice (Oryza sativa subsp. indica). Revue de Nématologie 5225-232.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BridgeJ.GaurH.S. & PengD. (2018). Nematode parasites of rice. In: SikoraR.A.CoyneD.L.HallmannJ. & TimperP. (Eds). Plant parasitic nematodes in subtropical and tropical agriculture3rd edition. Wallingford, UKCAB International, pp. 120-162. DOI: 10.1079/9780851997278.0087

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BucheyekiT.L.ShenkalwaE.KadadiD. & LobuluJ. (2018). Assessment of rice production constraints and farmers’ preferences in Nzega and Igunga districts. Journal of Advances in Developmental Research 230-37.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CabasanM.T.N.KumarA. & De WaeleD. (2018). Effects of initial nematode population density and water regime on resistance and tolerance to the rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola in African and Asian rice genotypes. International Journal of Pest Management 64252-261. DOI: 10.1080/09670874.2017.1390623

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CastilloP. & VovlasN. (2007). Pratylenchus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae): diagnosis, biology, pathogenicity and management. Nematology Monographs and Perspectives 6 (Series Editors: HuntD.J. & PerryR.N.). Leiden, The NetherlandsBrill. DOI: 10.1163/ej.9789004155640.i-523

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CastilloP.VovlasN. & Jiménez-DíazR.M. (1998). Pathogenicity and histopathology of Pratylenchus thornei populations on selected chickpea genotypes. Plant Pathology 47370-376. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3059.1998.00240.x

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ColagieroM. & CiancioA. (2011). Climate changes and nematodes: expected effects and perspectives for plant protection. Journal of Zoology 94113-118.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoyneD.SmithM. & PlowrightR. (2001). Plant parasitic nematode populations on upland and hydromorphic rice in Côte d’Ivoire: relationship with moisture availability and crop development on a valley slope. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 8431-43. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-8809(00)00193-6

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoyneD.L.PlowrightR.A.ThioB. & HuntD.J. (1998). Plant parasitic nematode diversity and prevalence in traditional upland rice in Ivory Coast: preliminary observations on the effects of cropping intensification. Fundamental and Applied Nematology 21723-732.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoyneD.L.PlowrightR.A.TwumasiJ. & HuntD.J. (1999). Prevalence of plant parasitic nematodes associated with rice in Ghana with a discussion of their importance. Nematology 1399-405. DOI: 10.1163/156854199508405

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoyneD.L.SahrawatK.L. & PlowrightR.A. (2004). The influence of mineral fertilizer application and plant nutrition on plant-parasitic nematodes in upland and lowland rice in Côte d’Ivoire and its implications in long term agricultural research trials. Experimental Agriculture 40245-256. DOI: 10.1017/S0014479703001595

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoyneD.L.CortadaL.DalzellJ.J.Claudius-ColeA.O.HaukelandS.LuambanoN. & TalwanaH. (2018). Plant-parasitic nematodes and food security in sub-Saharan Africa. Annual Review of Phytopathology 56381-403. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-080417-045833

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cuarezma-TeránT. & TrevathanL. (1985). Effects of Pratylenchus zeae and Quinisulcius acutus alone and in combination on sorghum. Journal of Nematology 17169-174.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • da SilvaM. & MunkvoldG. (2010). Interactions between lesion nematodes and Pythium ultimum on maize seedlings. Phytopathology 100S28.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DiomandéM. (1984). Response of upland rice cultivars to Meloidogyne species. Revue de Nématologie 757-63.

  • FortunerR. & MernyG. (1979). Root-parasitic nematodes of rice. Revue de Nématologie 279-102.

  • JonesM.G.K. & Fosu-NyarkoJ. (2014). Molecular biology of root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) and their interaction with host plants. Annals of Applied Biology 164163-181. DOI: 10.1111/aab.12105

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KagodaF.CoyneD.L.MbiruE.DereraJ. & TongoonaP. (2010). Monoxenic culture of Pratylenchus zeae on carrot discs. Nematology Mediterranea 38107-108.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KagodaF.DereraJ.TongoonaP.CoyneD.L. & TalwanaH.L. (2011). Grain yield and heterosis of maize hybrids under nematode infested and nematicide treated conditions. Journal of Nematology 43209-219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KahimbaF.C.KombeE.E. & MahooH.F. (2014). The potential of system of rice intensification (SRI) to increase rice water productivity: a case of Mkindo irrigation scheme in Morogoro region, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1210-19.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KanyekaZ.L.MsombaS.W.KihupiA.N. & PenzaM.S.F. (1994). Rice ecosystems in Tanzania: characterization and classification. Tanzania Agricultural Research & Training Newsletter 913-15.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KatambaraZ.KahimbaF.C.MahooH.F.MbunguW.B.MhengaF.ReubenP. & NyarubambaA. (2013). Adopting the system of rice intensification (SRI) in Tanzania: a review. Agricultural Sciences 4369-375. DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.48053

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KitiluM.J.F.NyomoraA.M.S. & CharlesJ. (2019). Growth and yield performance of selected upland and lowland rainfed rice varieties grown in farmers’ and researchers’ managed fields at Ifakara, Tanzania. African Journal of Agricultural Research 14197-208. DOI: 10.5897/ajar2018.13611

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KollehD.S.SibugaK. & KingC.F. (2017). Upland rice growth and yield response to weed management practices under rainfed conditions in Morogoro, Tanzania. African Journal of Agricultural Research 12829-840. DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11771

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KyndtT.DenilS.BautersL.Van CriekingeW. & De MeyerT. (2014). Systemic suppression of the shoot metabolism upon rice root nematode infection. PLoS ONE 91-11. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106858

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Luzi-KihupiA.Kashenge-KillengaS. & BonsiC. (2015). A review of maize, rice, tomato and banana research in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 141-20.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MeertensH.C.C.NdegeL.J. & EnserinkH.J. (1995). Dynamics in farming systems; changes in time and space in Sukumaland, Tanzania. Amsterdam, The NetherlandsRoyal Tropical Institute Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MeertensH.C.C.NdegeL.J. & LupejaP.M. (1999). The cultivation of rainfed, lowland rice in Sukumaland, Tanzania. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 7631-45. DOI: 10.1016/S0167-8809(99)00073-0

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MeertensH.C.C.KajiruG.J.NdegeL.J.EnserinkH.J. & BrouwerJ. (2003). Evaluation of on-farm soil fertility research in the rainfed lowland rice fields of Sukumaland, Tanzania. Experimental Agriculture 3965-79. DOI: 10.1017/S0014479702001060

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MwasebaD.L.KaarhusR.JohnsenF.H.MatteeA.Z. & MvenaZ.S.K. (2007). Rice for food and income: assessing the impact of rice research on food security in the Kyela and Kilombero districts of Tanzania. Outlook on Agriculture 36231-236. DOI: 10.5367/000000007783418534

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MwatawalaW.H.Mwang’ondaE. & HyeraR.N. (2016). Paddy production in southern highlands of Tanzania: contribution to household income and challenges faced by paddy farmers in Mbarali district. Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences 3262-269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NgailoJ.A.MwakasendoJ.A.KisanduD.B.MiloweF.C. & TippeD.E. (2016). Rice farming in the southern highlands of Tanzania: management practices, socio-economic roles and production constraints. European Journal of Research in Social Sciences 41-13.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NicolJ.M. & Ortiz-MonasterioI. (2004). Effects of the root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus thornei, on wheat yields in Mexico. Nematology 6485-493. DOI: 10.1163/1568541042665223

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PiliN.N.KyndtT.JanssenT.CoureurM.BertW.MibeyR.K. & GheysenG. (2016). First report of Pratylenchus zeae on upland rice from Kwale County, Kenya. Plant Disease 1001022. DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0743-PDN

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PlowrightR.A.MatusD.AungT. & MewT. (1990). The effect of Pratylenchus zeae on the growth and yield of upland rice. Revue de Nématologie 13283-292.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PlowrightR.A.CoyneD.L.NashP. & JonesM.P. (2002). Resistance to the rice nematodes Heterodera sacchari, Meloidogyne graminicola and M. incognita in Oryza glaberrima and O. glaberrima × O. sativa interspecific hybrids. Nematology 1745-751. DOI: 10.1163/156854199508775

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ProtJ.-C. & SavaryS. (1993). Interpreting upland rice yield and Pratylenchus zeae relationships: correspondence analyses. Journal of Nematology 25277-285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SahooC. & SahuS. (1993). Pathogenicity of Pratylenchus zeae on rice. Nematology Mediterranian 21177-178.

  • SekiyaN.TomitakaM.OizumiN.PyuzaA.G.ShayoR.J.AssengaA.N.IemotoT.IshidoK.SaikiY.TamuraK. et al. (2017). Importance of basic cultivation techniques to increase irrigated rice yields in Tanzania. Paddy and Water Environment 15847-859. DOI: 10.1007/s10333-017-0597-8

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Simões De SiqueiraK.M. & InomotoM.M. (2008). Pathogenicity and reproductive fitness of Pratylenchus brachyurus on cowpea. Nematology 10495-500. DOI: 10.1163/156854108784513897

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TalwanaH.L.ButseyaM.M. & TusiimeG. (2008). Occurrence of plant parasitic nematodes and factors that enhance population build up in cereal-based cropping system. African Crop Science Journal 16119-131.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TandinganI.C.ProtJ.-C. & DavideR.G. (1996). Influence of water management on tolerance of rice cultivars for Meloidogyne graminicola. Fundamental & Applied Nematology 19189-192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VieiraP.MoweryJ.KilcreaseJ.EisenbackD. & KamoK. (2017). Characterization of Lilium longiflorum cv. ‘Nellie white’ infection with root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus penetrans by bright-field and transmission electron microscopy. Journal of Nematology 492-11. DOI: 10.21307/jofnem-2017-040

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WalterN.T. & KarssenG. (2015). The potential distribution and risk assessment of Pratylenchus zeae on maize in Belgium and the Netherlands. Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research 2201-207. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2015.02.00062

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WinP.P.KyiP.P. & De WaeleD. (2011). Effect of agro-ecosystem on the occurrence of the rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola on rice in Myanmar. Australasian Plant Pathology 40187-196. DOI: 10.1007/s13313-011-0029-y

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WinP.P.KyiP.P.MatingZ.T.Z.MyintY.Y. & De WaeleD. (2015). Effect of different water regimes on nematode reproduction, root galling, plant growth and yield of lowland and upland Asian rice varieties grown in two soil types infested by the rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola. Russian Journal of Nematology 2399-112.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YoussefM.M.A. (2013). Yield of maize as influenced by population densities of the root lesion nematode, Pratylenchus zeae. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 46483-486. DOI: 10.1080/03235408.2012.744622

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YuY.LiuH.ZhuA. & ZhangG. (2012). A review of root lesion nematode: identification and plant resistance. Advances in Microbiology 2411-416. DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.24052

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 39 39 20
Full Text Views 9 9 3
PDF Downloads 8 8 3