In recent years, minority issues regularly feature on the international agenda, due to growing concerns for human rights and stability. Minority rights instruments are being multiplied accordingly. While this is no doubt a welcome development, the fact that the effectiveness of any (present and future) minority regime remains to be tested through an adequate implementation machinery should not be overlooked. The aim of this paper is to examine the international monitoring mechanisms which are relevant to minority protection, with a view to discussing the prospects for improving State compliance. An overview of such mechanisms and a focus on some basic, contemporary elements of the resulting monitoring process, afford the basis for a set of forward-looking reflections on the problem of the implementation of minority rights standards. An attempt has been made at analysing the relevant patterns of scrutiny within a broad perspective, namely in relation to their real and/or potential impact on minority protection as embraced by international law.