“Old Testament Awareness” and the Textual Tradition of the Explicit Quotations of Isaiah in Codex Bezae’s Acts

In: Novum Testamentum

This article investigates the textual history of the explicit quotations of Isaiah in the Acts of the Apostles of Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis (Acts 7:49-50; 13:34; 13:47) by introducing the concept of “Old Testament awareness.” This concept can be defined as the degree to which a nt tradition, at any stage of its transmission history, is aware of a quotation stemming from the ot. ot awareness can be identified in the layout of Codex Bezae (e.g., the indentation of text in the manuscript to indicate ot quotations), the text of quotations (e.g., readings that can be shown to be a subsequent change towards an ot tradition) and the context of the quoted text (e.g., the quotations’ introductory formulae). Through assessing the ot awareness of Codex Bezae’s explicit quotations of Isaiah, different stages in the transmission history of the text of these quotations in Codex Bezae’s Acts can be identified.

  • 2

    Cf. David C. Parker, Codex Bezae: An Early Christian Manuscript and its Text (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992) 32. Parker notes the following indented quotations in Acts, all of which are quotations from the ot and stem from the Psalms or Isaiah: 1:20; 2:25-28; 2:34-35; 4:25-26; 7:49; 13:33; 13:34 and 13:35.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    Constantine Tischendorf, Novum Testamentum Graece ad antiquissimus testes denuo recensuit (3 vols.; vol. 1; Leipzig: Giesecke & Devrient, 1869; vol. 2, 1872).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    I. Wordsworth and H.I. White, Nouum Testamentum domini nostri Iesu Christi latine secundum editionem sancti Hieronymi, Partis tertiae, Fascilus primus: Actus Apostolorum (Oxford: Clarendon, 1905).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7

    Joseph Ziegler, Isaias (LXXGött 14; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1983).

  • 14

    Ziegler, Isaias, 364.

  • 16

    Barbara Aland et al., Novum Testamentum Graece (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2012) 402.

  • 34

    Cf. Holtz, Untersuchungen, 138-139; C.K. Barrett, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Acts of the Apostles (icc 35; 2 vols.; vol. 1; Edinburg: T&T Clark, 1994) 648; Édouard Delebecque, Les deux Actes des Apôtres (EBib 6; Paris: Librairie Lecoffre, 1986) 295; Jenny Read-Heimerdinger and Josep Rius-Camps, The Message of Acts in Codex Bezae: A Comparison with the Alexandrian Tradition, Volume 3: Acts 13.1-18.23 (4 vols.; vol. 3; London: T&T Clark, 2007) 78.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 47

    Ziegler, Isaias, 305; cf. Holtz, Untersuchungen, 33; James A. Meek, The Gentile Mission in Old Testament Citations in Acts (Library of New Testament Studies 385; London: T&T Clark, 2008) 26-27.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 48

    Cf. Holtz, Untersuchungen, 32-33. Another explanation for not amending the nt traditions’ texts is that, as was probably the case with the author of Acts, who may have purposefully omitted this reading even though it was present in his Vorlage, the reading does not fit the context of the quotation in Acts, which has the purpose of justifying Paul’s “turning from the γένος, the Jews, to the ἔθνη” (Barrett, “Old Testament History,” 61).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 49

    Ropes, Text of Acts, 128.

  • 50

    Holtz, Untersuchungen, 32-33.

  • 51

    Delebecque, Les deux Actes, 296.

  • 53

    Delebecque, Les deux Actes, 211; cf. Ropes, Text of Acts, 128; Theodor Zahn, Die Apostelgeschichte des Lukas, Zweite Hälfte: Kap. 13-28 (Kommentar zum Neuen Testament 5; ed. Theodor Zahn; 2 vols.; vol. 2; Leipzig: A. Deichertsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1927) 452 n. 3; Holtz, Untersuchungen, 32-33; Delebecque, Les deux Actes, 296.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 37 33 4
Full Text Views 148 137 0
PDF Downloads 12 11 0