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Mark’s Paratactic καί as a Secondary Syntactic Semitism

In: Novum Testamentum
Author: Armin D. Baum1
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  • 1 Freie Theologische Hochschule Gießen, Evangelische Theologische Faculteit, Gießen, Germany
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In recent research, a number of scholars have questioned the classification of paratactic καί in the nt Gospels as a syntactic Semitism. As a review of all available evidence demonstrates, however, the strong dominance of paratactic καί in the Gospel of Mark has close analogies in the lxx but is unparalleled in ancient original Greek literature. This conclusion can be supplemented by additional evidence which has so far not been taken into account: The very high frequency of paragraph introducing καί in the Second Gospel has many parallels in the Greek ot but is without analogy in original Greek texts. Because of its exceptional frequency on sentence and pericope level, it is still correct to classify paratactic καί in Mark’s Gospel as a syntactic Semitism, albeit a secondary one.

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