Der Kampf gegen die Irrlehre als „Krieg“

Überlegungen zur Semantik der Verben ἀπωθέομαι und ναυαγέω im Kontext 1 Tim 1

The Battle against Erroneous Beliefs as “War”

Reflections on the Semantics of the Verbs ἀπωθέομαι and ναυαγέω in the Context of 1 Tim 1
In: Novum Testamentum
Marion Christina Hauck Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Göttingen Germany

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In 1 Tim 1, particularly in vv. 18–20, the author of the letter uses a cluster of terms that evoke the image of “Timothy” engaged in a military campaign. Along these lines, the verb ἀπωθέοµαι (v. 19) activates the mental picture of a previous struggle or clash through which one party (the τινες) has been disadvantaged. This article seeks to identify the leading metaphors that the author summons in 1 Tim 1, to scrutinize the concepts that he employs for creating these metaphors, and to describe the set of relations that enables a coherent understanding of 1 Tim 1 in general and 1:18–20 in particular. In addition, this article examines how these metaphors are embedded in the wider framework of 1 Tim 1–6 and integrated into the author’s struggle against a false teaching circulating in the Ephesian ekklesia.

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