Comparatism in the Neoplatonic Pantheon of Late Antiquity: Damascius, De Princ. III 159.6–167.25

in Numen
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

In the following paper, we will look at the Neoplatonic pantheon as found in Damascius and at his comparatist method, which is centered on the principle of sumphōnia. This hermeneutical tool is used to reconcile or harmonize the doctrines of Plato sand Aristotle with other Greek and foreign theological traditions. We will see this at play in a passage from the last part of Damascius’ treatise on Problems and Solutions Concerning First Principles (III 159.6–167.25). In this section, Damascius, the last diadoch of the Platonic school of Athens, is trying to show that his ‘Platonic’ theology is in accordance not only with Greek wisdom (as represented by the Chaldean Oracles, Orphism, Homer, Hesiod and Pythagoreanism), but also with the oldest traditions of inspired religion, such as the Babylonian, Persian, Sidonian, Phoenician and Egyptian traditions. We will try to show that Damascius is establishing here a one-to-one correspondence between these Oriental and Hellenic theologies.

Numen

International Review for the History of Religions

Sections

References

Ahbel-RappeSara Reading Neoplatonism: Non-Discursive Thinking in the Texts of Plotinus, Proclus and Damascius 2000 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

Ahbel-RappeSara TurnerJohn D.CorriganKevin “Damascius on the Third Hypothesis of the Parmenides.” Plato’s Parmenides and Its Heritage II: Reception in Patristic, Gnostic, and Christian Neoplatonic Texts 2010a Atlanta Society of Biblical Literature 143 156

Ahbel-RappeSara Damascius’ Problems and Solutions Regarding First Principles 2010b New York Oxford University Press

BeierwaltesWerner Proklos: Grundzuge seiner Metaphysik 1979 [1965] 2nd ed. Frankfurt am Main Klostermann

BergRudolphus M. van den Proclus’ Hymns: Essays, Translations, Commentary 2001 Leiden Brill

BernabéAlberto Poetarum Epicorum Graecorum: Volume II 2004–2007 Munich K. G. Saur

BeteghGábor BodnárIstvánFortenbaughWilliam W. “On Eudemus Fr. 150 (Wehrli).” Eudemus of Rhodes 2002 New Brunswick, N.J. Transaction Publishers 337 357

BlumenthalHenry J. “529 and Its Sequel: What Happened to the Academy?” Byzantion 1978 48 369 385

BlumenthalHenry J. Aristotle and Neoplatonism in Late Antiquity: Interpretations of the De anima. 1996 New York Cornell University Press

BrissonLuc. TiffeneauDorian “La figure de Chronos dans la théologie orphique et ses antécédents iraniens.” Mythes et representations du temps 1985 Paris Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 37 60

BrissonLuc. PépinJeanSaffreyHenri-Dominique “Proclus et l’Orphisme.” Proclus: Lecteur et interprète des anciens: actes du colloque international du CNRS, Paris, 2–4 octobre 1985 1987 Paris Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 43 104

BrissonLuc. BorgeaudPhilippe “Damascius et l’Orphisme.” Orphisme et Orphée, en l’honneur de Jean Rudhardt 1991 Geneva Droz 157 209

BusseAdolf Ammonius, In Aristotelis categorias commentarium 1895 Berlin Georg Reimer

BusseAdolf Eliae In Porphyrii Isagogen et Aristotelis categorias commentaria 1900 Berlin Georg Reimer

CombèsJoseph “Damascius, lecteur du Parménide.” Archive de philosophie 1975 38 1 33 60

CorriganKevin TurnerJohn D.CorriganKevin “Plotinus and the Hypotheses of the Second Part of Plato’s Parmenides.” Plato’s Parmenides and Its Heritage II: Reception in Patristic, Gnostic, and Christian Neoplatonic Texts 2010 Atlanta Society of Biblical Literature 35 48

Dalsgaard LarsenBent DörrieHeinrich “La place de Jamblique dans la philosophie antique tardive.” De Jamblique à Proclus 1975 Geneva Fondation Hardt 1 34

DielsHermannKranzWalther Die Fragmente Der Vorsokratiker: Griechisch und Deutsch 1985 [1951] 6th ed. Zurich Weidmann

DielsHermann Simplicii in Aristotelis Physicorum libros quattuor priores commentaria 1882 Berlin Georg Reimer

DielsHermann Simplicii in Aristotelis Physicorum libros quattuor posteriores commentaria 1895 Berlin Georg Reimer

DoddsEric R. “The Parmenides of Plato and the Origin of the Neoplatonic One.” Classical Quarterly 1928 22 129 142

DoddsEric R. Proclus: Elements of Theology 1963 2nd ed. Oxford Clarendon Press

FowdenGarth “The Platonist Philosopher and his Circle in Late Antiquity.” Philosophia 1977 7 359 383

FowdenGarth “The Pagan Holy Man in Late Antique Society.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 1982 102 48 51

FowdenGarth The Egyptian Hermes: A Historical Approach to the Late Antiquity Mind 1986 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

FunkWolf-PeterPoirierPaul-HubertScopelloMaddalena L’Allogène (NH XI, 3) 2004 Louvain and Paris Peeters

GottschalkHans B. BodnárIstvánFortenbaughWilliam W. “Eudemus and the Peripatos.” Eudemus of Rhodes 2002 New Brunswick, N.J. Transaction Publishers 25 37

HadotIlsetraut HadotIlsetraut “La vie et l’oeuvre de Simplicius d’après des sources grecques et arabes.” Simplicius, sa vie, son oeuvre, sa survie: actes du Colloque international de Paris (28 sept.–1 oct. 1985) 1987 Berlin Walter de Gruyter 3 39

HadotIlsetraut “Studies on the Neoplatonist Hierocles.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 2004 94 1 1 152

HadotPierre DoddsEric R. “Être, Vie, Pensée chez Plotin et avant Plotin.” Les sources de Plotin 1960 Geneva Fondation Hardt 159 174

HadotPierre Porphyre et Victorinus 1968a Paris Études augustiniennes 2 vols.

HadotPierre “Philosophie, exégèse et contre-sens.” Akten des XIV Internationalen Kongresses für Philosophie, Wien 2–9 Sept. 1968 1968b Vienna Herder 333 339

HadotPierre Le voile d’Isis: Essai sur l’histoire de l’idée de Nature 2004 Paris Gallimard

HagerFritz-Peter “Zur Geschichte, Problematik und Bedeutung des Begriffes ‘Neuplatonismus.’” Diotima 1983 11 98 110

HeidelAlexander The Babylonian Genesis: the Story of Creation 1951 [1942] Chicago University of Chicago Press

HenryRené Photius, Bibliothèque 2003 [1959–1971] Paris Belles Lettres 6 vols.

Herrero de JáureguiMiguel Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity 2010 Berlin Walter de Gruyter

HoffmannPhilippe “Damascius.” Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques 1994 vol. 2 Paris Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 541 593

HoffmannPhilippe GillMary LouisePellegrinPierre “What was Commentary in Late Antiquity? The Example of the Neoplatonic Commentators.” A Companion to Ancient Philosophy 2006 Oxford Wiley-Blackwell 597 622

JongAlbert de Traditions of the Magi: Zoroastrianism in Greek and Latin Literature 1997 Leiden Brill

KalbfleischCarol Simplicii In Arisotelis categorias commentarium 1907 Berlin Georg Reimer

KernOtto Orphicorum fragmenta 1922 Berlin Weidmann

KingLeonard W. Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of Creation; the Babylonian and Assyrian Legends Concerning the Creation of the World and of Mankind 2010 [1902] New York Cosimo Classics

LunaConcettaSegondsAlain-Philippe Proclus: Commentaire sur le Parménide de Platon. Volume I: première partie. Introduction générale 2007 Paris Les Belles Lettres

LynchJohn Patrick Aristotle’s School: A Study of a Greek Educational Institution 1972 Berkeley University of California Press

MacKennaStephenPageBertram S. Plotinus: The Enneads 1992 [1969] Burdett Larson Publications

MatelliElisabetta FortenbaughWilliam W.WhiteStephen A. “Hieronymus in Athens and Rhodes.” Lyco of Troas and Hieronymus of Rhodes: Text, Translation, and Discussion 2004 New Brunswick, N.J. Transaction Publishers 289 314

OpsomerJan SegondsAlain-PhilippeSteelCarlos G. “Deriving the Three Intelligible Triads from the Timaeus. Proclus et la théologie platonicienne: actes du colloque international de Louvain, 13–16 mai 1998, en l’honneur de Henri-Dominique Saffrey et Leendert G. Westerink 2000 Leuven Leuven University Press 351 372

PatonWilliam Roger The Greek Anthology 1916–1918 London William Heinemann 5 vols.

PerlEric D. Theophany: The Neoplatonic Philosophy of Dionysius the Areopagite 2007 Albany State University of New York Press

PraechterKarl “Heraiskos.” Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 1912 vol. 8 1 Stuttgart J. B. Metzler 421 422

PraechterKarl Die Philosophie des Altertums 1953 [1926] Basel Benno Schwabe & Company

RietSimone van “À propos de la biographie de Simplicius.” Revue philosophique de Louvain 1991 89 506 514

SaffreyHenri-Dominique BosEgbert P.MeijerPieter A. “Accorder entre elles les traditions théologiques: une caractéristique du néoplatonisme athénien.” On Proclus and his Influence in Medieval Philosophy 1992 Leiden Brill 35 50

SayreKenneth M. “Plato’s Parmenides: Why the Eight Hypotheses are not Contradictory.” Phronesis 1978 23 2 133 150

SchmitzPhilip C. “Sidon.” The Anchor Bible Dictionary 1992 vol. 6 New York Doubleday 17 18

SchürmannReiner “The Philosophy of Plotinus. Doctor Reiner Schürmann’s Course Lectures.” 1994 New York The New School for Social Research Inventory established by Pierre Adler

SheppardAnne D. R. Studies on the 5th and 6th Essays of Proclus’ Commentary on the Republic 1980 Göttingen Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

SolmsenFriedrich “The Background of Plato’s Theology.” Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 1936 67 208 218

SpeiserEphraim A. PritchardJames B. “Akkadian Myths and Epics.” Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament 1969 Princeton Princeton University Press 60 72

TrouillardJean “Le sens des médiations proclusiennes.” Revue philosophique de Louvain 1957 55 331 342

TrouillardJean “Néoplatonisme.” Encyclopaedia Universalis 1971 vol. 11 Paris Encyclopaedia Universalis 681 683

UsenerHermann RadermacherLudwig “Analecta Theophrastea.” Kleine Schriften 1912 Leipzig Teubner 55 88

WattsEdward City and School in Late Antique Athens and Alexandria 2006 Berkeley University of California Press

WehrliFritz “Eudemos.” Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft 1968 supplement 11 652 658 columns

WehrliFritz Die Schule des Aristoteles. Texte und Kommentar: Eudemos von Rhodos 1969 Basel Benno Schwabe & Co.

WestMartin Litchfield The Orphic Poems 1983 Oxford Clarendon Press

WesterinkLeendert G.CombèsJoseph Damascius: Traité des premiers principes. Volume I: De l’ineffable et de l’Un 2002 [1986] Paris Les Belles Lettres

WesterinkLeendert G. Damascius: Traité des premiers principes. Volume II: De la triade et de l’unifié 2002 [1989] Paris Les Belles Lettres

WesterinkLeendert G. Damascius: Traité des premiers principes. Volume III: De la procession et de l’unifié 2002 [1991] Paris Les Belles Lettres

WesterinkLeendert G.CombèsJosephSegondsAlain-Philippe Damascius: Commentaire du Parménide de Platon. Volume II 2002 [1997] Paris Les Belles Lettres

WesterinkLeendert G.SaffreyHenri-Dominique Proclus: Théologie platonicienne 2003 [1968–1997] Paris Les Belles Lettres 6 vols.

WhiteStephen A. FortenbaughWilliam W.WhiteStephen A. “Hieronymus of Rhodes: The Sources, Text, and Translation.” Lyco of Troas and Hieronymus of Rhodes: Text, Translation, and Discussion 2004 New Brunswick, N.J. Transaction Publishers 79 276

ZhmudLeonid The Origin of the History of Science in Classical Antiquity 2006 Berlin Walter der Gruyter

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 22 22 15
Full Text Views 9 9 6
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0