Scientology: Sect, Science, or Scam?

in Numen
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

The present piece surveys different discussions of “religion” — especially in the legal realm — which have had a bearing on Scientology. L. Ron Hubbard adopted the religion label for practical reasons; in his mind, Scientology was a science, not a religion. However, it is clear that Scientology actually is a religion — at least in the sense of functioning as a religion in the lives of participants — parading as science; instead of, as Hubbard thought, a science parading as religion. This becomes particularly clear upon examination of individuals participating in the so-called “Free Zone” (ex-CoS members who continue to identify as Scientologists), for whom Scientology remains their primary religious identity.

Scientology: Sect, Science, or Scam?

in Numen

Sections

References

AndersenPeter B.WellendorfRie LewisJames R. “Community in Scientology and among Scientologists” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 143 163

AndersonKevin Victor Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology 1965 State of Victoria, Australia

AtackJon A Piece of Blue Sky: Hubbard Dianetics and Scientology 2013 2nd ed. Createspace n.p.

AtackJon A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed 1990 Fort Lee, New Jersey Lyle Stuart

CampbellColin KaplanJeffreyLööwHeléne “The Cult, the Cultic Milieu and Secularization” The Cultic Milieu: Oppositional Subcultures in an Age of Globalization 2002 Walnut Creek, Calif. Altamira 12 25 [1972]

DavisDerek “The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition” 2004 accessed 12 August 2012 Presentation at the Center for Studies on New Religions International Conference 17–20 June Baylor University url: http://www.cesnur.org/2004/waco_davis.htm

FrantzDouglas “The Shadowy Story Behind Scientology’s Tax-Exempt Status” New York Times 1997 March 9

“Fundamentals of Thought — Alterations” Scientolipedia accessed 11 August 2014 url: http://scientolipedia.org/info/Fundamentals_of_Thought_-_Alterations

GrünschloßAndreas LewisJames R. “Scientology, a ‘New Age’ Religion?” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 225 243

HammerOlav Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology from Theosophy to the New Age 2004 Leiden Brill

HazenCraig James The Village Enlightenment in America: Popular Religion and Science in the Nineteenth Century 2000 Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois Press

HubbardL. Ron Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health 1950 New York Hermitage House

HubbardL. Ron “The Creed of the Church of Scientology” 1954 Phoenix From the Office of L. Ron Hubbard

HubbardL. Ron Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought 1956 Los Angeles The American St. Hill Organization

HubbardL. Ron Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary 1975 Los Angeles Church of Scientology of California

KinL. Scientology: More than a Cult? 1991 Wiesbaden, Germany Edition ScienTerra

LewisJames R. Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press

LewisJames R. “The Science Canopy: Religion, Legitimacy, and the Charisma of Science” Temenos 2010 46 1 7 29

LewisJames R. LewisJames R.HammerOlav “How Religions Appeal to the Authority of Science” Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill 23 40

LewisJames R. Cults: A Reference and Guide 2012a 3rd ed. Sheffield Equinox Publishing

LewisJames R. RothsteinMikaelHammerOlav “Scientology: Up Stat, Down Stat” 2012b Cambridge Cambridge University Press 133 149 The Cambridge Companion to New Religious Movements

LewisJames R.HammerOlav Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill

LucasWinafred Blake Regression Therapy: A Handbook for Professionals 1993 Vol. I Crest Park, Calif. Deep Forest Press

MeltonGordon The Church of Scientology 2000 Salt Lake City Signature Books

MonroeRobert A. Journeys Out of the Body 1977 Garden City, N.Y. Anchor Press

PalmerSusan J. The New Heretics of France: Minority Religions la Republique and the Government-Sponsored “ ‘War on Sects” 2011 New York Oxford University Press

PalmerSusan J. LewisJames R. “The Church of Scientology in France: Legal and Activist Counterattacks in the ‘War on Sectes.’ ” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 295 322

PossamaiAdamPossamai-InesedyAlphia LewisJames R. “Scientology Down Under” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 345 361

RapportJeremy LewisJamesHammerOlav “Christian Science, New Thought, and Scientific Discourse” Handbook of Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill 549 569

ReitmanJanet Inside Scientology: The Story of America’s Most Secretive Religion 2011 New York Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

RichardsonJames T. LewisJames R. “Scientology in Court: A Look at Some Major Cases from Various Nations” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 283 294

RothsteinMikael LewisJamesHammerOlav “Scientology, Scripture, and Sacred Tradition” The Invention of Sacred Tradition 2007 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 18 37

RubinElisabeth Tuxen “Disaffiliation among Scientologists; A Sociological Study of Post Apostasy Behaviour and Attitudes” International Journal for the Study of New Religions 2011 2 2 201 224

The Secrets of Scientology: A Panorama Special 2010 bbc One Tuesday 28 September. (Television Program.)

ShterinMaratRichardsonJ.T. “Local Laws Restricting Religion in Russia: Precursors of Russia’s New National Law” Journal of Church and State 1998 40 319 342

ShterinMaratRichardsonJ.T. “Effects of the Western Anti-Cult Movement in Development of Laws Concerning Religion in Post-Communist Russia” Journal of Church and State 2000 42 247 271

State of New York “Promoting a Pseudo-Religious Cult” 1977 Albany, N.Y. New York State Assembly Proposed Bill ab 9566-A Section 240.46.

UrbanHugh B. The Church of Scientology: A History of a New Religion 2011 Princeton Princeton University Press

u.s. Supreme Court Reports 1944 United States v. Ballard. 322 u.s. 78.

WallisRoy The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology 1976 New York Columbia University Press

WhiteheadHarriet Renunciation and Reformulation: A Study of Conversion in an American Sect. 1987 Ithaca, N.Y. Cornell University Press

WillmsGerald LewisJames R. “Scientology: ‘Modern Religion’ or ‘Religion of Modernity’?” Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 245 265

1

Urban 2011:19. Refer in this regard to the discussion in Chapter 15 of Atack 2013 (2nd ed.). The same basic discussion with a few less details can be found in Chapter 5 of Section iii of the first edition from 1990.

2

Hubbard 1956:79. In later editions of this book — editions that were issued only after Hubbard’s death — this statement was deleted. I briefly discuss this and similar edits below.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 130 130 35
Full Text Views 122 122 68
PDF Downloads 13 13 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0