Intangible Spirits and Graven Images: The Iconography of Deities in the Pre-Islamic Iranian World, written by Michael Shenkar

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International Review for the History of Religions


Aktor, Mikael, and Milette Gaifman (eds.). 2017. “Exploring Aniconism.” Religion 47(3): 335519.

Doak, Brian R. 2015. Phoenician Aniconism in Its Mediterranean and Ancient Near Eastern Context. (Archaeology and Biblical Studies, 21). Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature Press.

Gaifman, Milette. 2012. Aniconism in Greek Antiquity. (Oxford Studies in Ancient Culture and Representation). New York: Oxford University Press.

Seckel, Dietrich. 2004. Before and Beyond the Image: Aniconic Symbolism in Buddhist Art. (Artibus Asiae, Supplement 45). Zürich: Artibus Asiae Publishers.

Shenkar, Michael. 2015a.“Aspects of Iconography of Ahura Mazdā: Origins and Significance.” In Shervin Farridnejad, Rika Gyselen, and Anke Joisten-Pruschke (eds.), Faszination Iran: Beiträge zur Religion, Geschichte, und Kunst des Alten Iran: Gedenkschrift für Klaus Schippmann. (Göttinger Orientforschungen, III. Reihe: Iranica, Neue Folge 13). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 189232.

Shenkar, Michael. 2015b. “Rethinking Sasanian Iconoclasm.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 135(3): 471498.

Uehlinger, Christoph. 2015. “Approaches to Visual Culture and Religion: Disciplinary Trajectories, Interdisciplinary Connections, and Some Conditions for Further Progress.” Method & Theory in the Study of Religion 27(45): 384422.


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