The Future of the Mediterranean

in Ocean Yearbook Online
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The Future of the Mediterranean

in Ocean Yearbook Online

References

1. Editors' Note.-Few would deny that the Mediterranean is a marine region. It qualifies on a number of counts. The variety of oceanographic environments differs from the North Atlantic, the Black Sea, and the Red Sea in a number of respects. It operates as a functional and management region, at least in part due to the agreement of the great majority of the countries to various pollution control measures. The nations clearly understand that the fate of the Mediterranean Sea is in their hands and that the activities of any one country affect all the others. There is little doubt that it is a geostrategic region; it has been viewed as such in two world wars and in the post-World War II period. Finally, despite the existence of 18 countries-some European, some North African, others generally viewed as Middle Eastern-the Med- iterranean can also be considered a culture region. This may be due to its long history as a cradle of civilization and the locale of great cultures and empires (excerpted from Joseph R. Morgan, "Marine Regions: Myth or Reality," Ocean and Shoreline Management 12 [1989]: 20).

2. Jacob Neusner, War Never Again (Brescia, Italy: Morcelliana, 1990), p. 115.

3. On this, see E. M. Borgese, The Mediterranean in the New Law of the Sea (Valletta, Malta: Foundation for International Studies, 1989), pp. 15-103; see also the United Nations Industrial Development Organization report on this subject. 4. For a detailed discussion, see S. Busuttil, 1992 Europe and the Mediterranean Countries, ed. Y. Ozkan (Ankara, Turkey: author, 1991), pp. 5-13.

5. On this, see The Challenge to the South: The Report of the South Commission (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990). 6. S. Busuttil, "Malta's Role in the Mediterranean Economic Space," article pre- pared for Le Centre d'Economie et de Finances Internationales (CEFI) de L'Universite d'Aix-Marseille II for a general report on the economic situation of countries and regions of the Mediterranean.

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