Maritime Security Developments in East and Southeast Asia: Association of Southeast Asian Nations, China, and Japan Major Participants

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2. Michael T. Klare, "The Next Great Arms Race," Foreign Affairs 72 (Summer 1993): 136-52. 3. Bilveer Singh, "Confidence Building, Security Measures, and Security Re- gimes in Southeast Asia," Asian Defence Journa,l (March 1992): 6-17.

4. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is composed of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. 5. Michael Richardson, "Scramble for Pacific Resources and Chemical Warfare Worries," Pacific Defense Reporter (November 1988): 39-41. 6. Ismail Kasim, "Malaysia's Bilateral Relations with Indonesia," Straits Times (Singapore), 23 July 1991, pp. 26-31. 7. Ibid. 8. Aznam Suhain, "Sabah Cuckoo's Nest," Far Eastern Economic Review (24 Janu- ary 1991): 20-24. 9. Ibid.

10. Roy Eccleston, "Jakarta Toughs Out Diplomatic Storm," A stralian, 25 Octo- ber 1988, p. 1. Also, "Alatas on Murdani's Remarks on Straits' Closure," Suara Pemba- ruan, 26 October 1988, p. 1, reported in Foreign Broadcast Translation Service, EAS-88- 212, 2 November 1988, p. 36. 11. See Michael Richardson, "Li Peng Woos South-East Asia," Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter (October 1990): 19-20. 12. Ibid. 13. Michael Vatikiotis, "Eye on the Islands," Far Eastern Economic Review (4 July 1991): 19-23. The interests, security, and economics of China, Vietnam, Taiwan, and the ASEAN nations have been well covered in Contemporary South East Asia and the Far Eastern "Economic Review in recent years.

14. P. Lewis Young, "China and the South China Sea," Asia Defense Journal ( July 1986): 22-26. 15. Richard Beeze, "China: The Wide Blue Yonder," Far Eastern Economic Review (11 June 1982): 28; Sheilah Ocompo-Kalfors, "Easing towards Conflict," Far Eastern Economic Review (5 May 1988): 23. 16. See Jerry Cushing, "The Dragon's Long Reach," Far Eastern Economic Review (5 May 1988): 23-25. 17. Ibid. 18. Cai Weng, "Reefs, Islands, Oceans, and the Future of a Nation (Need for Military to Protect Ocean Territory),"Jiefengjun Bao, Beijing, in Foreign Broadcast Infor- mation Service, EAS-88-194, 11 March 1988, pp. 23-24.

19. Wang Lanying, "Avoid Conflicts, Make Joint Efforts for Development (Offi- cial Describes South Sea Seminar)," Liaowang Overseas Edition, Hong Kong, in Foreign Broadcast Information Service, CHI-91-154, 9 August 1991, pp. 13-14. 20. Ibid. 21. "Mil Facts," Military Database, U.S. Naval Institute, 19 August 1993. 22. G. Jacobs, "China's Naval Missiles," Asian Defense Journal (November 1990): 65-75.

23. "Mil Facts" (n. 21 above); Michael Richardson, "China Raises Spratly Fears," Asia-Pacific Defense Reporter (February 1991): 16-21. 24. "Arms Buildups Said Threatening Regional Security," Bangkok Post, 13 July 1993, in Foreign Broadcast Information Service, EAS-93-133, 14 July 1993, p. 2. 25. Ibid., p. 31. 26. Shirley A. Kan, Chinese Missile and Nuclear Proliferation: Issues for Congress, Congressional Resarch Service, 1 June 1993, CRS-3. 27. Ayako Doi and Kim Willenson, "Japan: Back to the Past: The Idea of a Co-prosperity Sphere Again," Washington Post, 11 August 1991, pp. C I -C4.

28. Robert Delfs, "Acting in Self-Defence," Focus-Japan 1991 (March 1992): 50-51. 29. Sueo Sudo, "Towards the Pacific Century," Far Eastern Economic Review (31 January 1991): 16-17; Doi and Willenson (n. 27 above). 30. "SDF Peacekeeping Consistent with Constitution,",JIJI Press (Tokyo), 25 Sep- tember 1991, p. 2. 31. Natthaya Chetchotirot, "Members Cool to Japan's Security Forum Proposal," Bangkok Post, 23 July 1993, p. A2, in Foreign Broadcast Infornzation Service, EAS-91-141, 23 July 1993, p. 5; "Asia: A Hesitant Patroller of the Pacific," Economist, 27 July 1991, p. 29.

32. Eugene Brown, The Debate overjapan's International Role: Contending Views of Opinion Lessens during the Persian Gulf Crisis (Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1991), p. 18. 33. "Defense of Japan 1992," Japan Times, 1992, p. 31; "After the Cold War in Asia: Time for U.S. Troops in Japan to Come Home," in The Defense Monitor (Washing- ton, D.C.: Center for Defense Information, 1992), p. 9. 34. A. W. Grazebrook, "Maritime Potential No Cause for Concern," Asia-Pacific Defence Reporter (September 1991): 27; Richard Halloren, Chrysanthemum and Sword Revisited: Is Japanese Militarism Resurgent? (Honolulu: East-West Center, 1991).

35. Mark J. Valencia, "Insular Possessions," Far Eastern Economic Review (28 May 1992): 23. 36. Soma and Yamamoto, "Moves toward Hegemony in Coastal Waters Viewed," Sankei Shimbum, 14 March 1992 (Daily Summary Japanese Press), U.S. Embassy, Tokyo, 24 March 1992, pp. 1-6.

37. Ibid. 38. "Strategic Pacific," National Geographic ( July 1989), map. 39. George Friedman and Meredith Lebard, "Imports and Dependency," in The Coming War with Japan (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991), pp. 160-88. 40. Eccleston (n. 10 above), 1; "Alatas on Murdani's Remarks" (n. 10 above), pp. 24-25. 41. Friedman and Lebard (n. 39 above), pp. 8-9.

42. Jakarta Radio Republic Indonesia, "Official on Plan to Reimpose Sea Traffic Fee" (GMT, 1 September 1993), Foreign Broadcast Information Seruice, EAS-93-169, 2 September 1993, p. 34. 43. Walter H. Donnelly and Zachary Davis, "Japan's Sea Shipment of Pluto- nium," CRS Issue Brief, Congressional Research Service, 22 September 1992, pp. 1-9. 44. T. R. Reid, "Japan to Ship Plutonium amid Rising Concerns," Washington Post, 5 April 1992, p. 25. 45. Michael Vatikiotis, "Stormy Passage," Far Eastern Economic Review (8 October 1992): 12-25.

46. Ibid. 47. Hans H. Indorf, Impediments to Regionalism in Southeast Asia (Singapore: Insti- tute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1984), pp. 1-2.

48. Ibid., pp. 20-21. 49. Kasim (n. 6 above), p. 27. 50. M. G. G. Pilai, "ASEAN Viewpoint," Bangkok Post, in Foreign Broadcast Infor- matron Service, EAS-91-196, 9 October 1991, p. 32.

51. Michael Vatikiotis, "ASEAN, Sense of Purpose," Far Eastern Economic Review (26 June 1991): 24-26. 52. Michael Vatikiotis, "The First Step," Far Eastern Economic Review (3 June 1993): 21. 53. J. N. Mak, Directions for Greater Defense Cooperation (Malaysia: Institute of Strategic and International Studies, 1986), p. 10.

54. Vatikiotis (n. 45 above), p. 23. 55. Ibid., pp. 24-25.


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