Observer's Report on the 48th Annual Meeting of the International Whaling Commission, Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 24―28 June 1996*

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References

*EDITORS' NoTe.-This report was written by Dr. Ole Lindquist, honorary lecturer at the School of History and International Relations, University of St. Andrews, Scotland. 1. IWC/48/4: 16, 19.

2. IWC/48/4: 17-21 and Annex N. 3. IWC/48/4: 22-24; 24f. 4. IWC/48/4: 25f. 5. IWC/48/4: 29-31. 6. IWC/48/4: 9. 7. IWC/48/4: 31. 8. IWC/48/4: 60. 9. IWC/48/14: 3, 5.

10. IWC/48/ 14: 5f. 11. ICRW and CITES are the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (1946) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (1973), respectively. 12. Switzerland's Statement last year.

13. IWC/48/7: 2-4. 14. IWC/48/7: 2f.

15. IWC/48/5: 4. 16. IWC/48/5: 3-5; IWC/48/WKl and WK4. 17. IWC/48/5: 4f; IWC/48/WK2 and WK5-WK8. 18. IWC/48/5: 4f; IWC/48/31. 19. IWC/48/2: 9; IWC/48/5: 3.

20. IWC/48/4: 32-36 and Annex I; IWC/48/13: 4f. 21. Resolution Concerning Aboriginal Subsistence Whaling, Report of the International Whaling Community no. 33 (1983), p. 38. 22. IWC/44/5: 7; IWC/44/ 13: 1; see also Report of the International Whaling Commu- nity no. 43 (1993), p. 9. 23. In addition, two gray whales were taken. The United States reported them as infrac- tions, but the total catch limit of 140 from the Eastern North Pacific stock of gray whales for 1995 was not exceeded.

24. IWC/48/4: 37, 39f; IWC/48/4, Annex F: 5; IWC/48/6. 25. IWC/48/4: 33; IWC/48/4, Annex I: 9. 26. IWC/48/4: 37f. 27. IWC/48/4: 38. 28. Ibid. 29. IWC/48/4: 60.

30. IWC/48/4: 39f and Annex F, App. 4. 31. IWC/48/2: 12; IWC/48/13: 4. 32. IWC/48/2: 12; IWC/48/13: lf; IWC/48/23. 33. IWC/48/2: 12; IWC/48/13: 2f.

34. IWC/48/4: 41. 35. IWC/48/4: 42, 45. 36. IWC/48/4: 43; see also IWC/48/4, Annex J, figs. 1, 2.

37. IWC/48/11: 5. 38. IWC/48/11: 1.

39. Resolution 1995-6 dealt with stockpiled whale meat, etc. (cf. n. 3 above). 40. IWC/48/4: 46; see also footnote to Schedule Para. 7(b). 41. IWC/48/4: 55. 42. That is, in 1978, 2; 1981, 3; 1982, 2; 1988, 3; 1989, 2; and 1993, 5 northern bottlenose whales. 43. IWC/48/7: 4. 44. Resolution IWC/46/60; IWC/46/4, Annex E, App. 3; IWC/47/4, Annex E, App. 5; IWC/48/4, Annex E, App. 5, 7; Soviet Antarctic WhalingData (1947-1972) (1995; reprint, Mos- cow, 1996).

45. IWC/48/4: 28 and Annex E: 10. 46. Namely, Status regarding sexual maturity, Status of cows (lactating or not), and presence/absence of embryos. 47. IWC/48/4: 28 and Annex E: lOf. 48. On harbour porpoise populations, see IWC/48/4: 48-50, 54, and Annex H: 1-3; on the genus Lagenorhynchus, see IWC/48/4: 50-52 and Annex H: 3-11. 49. IWC/48/4: 52f. 50. IWC/48/4: 52 and Annex H: 11. 51. IWC/48/4: 52 and Annex H: llf.

52. IWC/48/4: 54. 53. IWC/48/4: 59 and Annex R.

54. IWC/48/4: 5-9; IWC/SC/48/Rep 2: Report of the IWC Workshop on Climate Change and Cetaceans. 55. IWC/48/4: 7.

56. Each Principle is elaborated on with six, four and nine aspects, respectively (cf. IWC/48/4: 57 and Annex Q: 2f). 57. IWC/48/4: 56-58 and Annex Q; IWC/48/5: lf.

58. IWC/48/4: 58; IWC/48/5: 2. 59. IWC/48/5: 2.

60. IWC/48/4: 58-61.

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