Recent Changes in the Black Sea Ecosystem

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1. Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea, Istanbul, Turkey, 31 October 1996. 2. U. Ehlin, "Religion, Science and the Black Sea Environment. Stockholm Water Front." A Forum for Global Water Issues, 1-2 (6-7 May 1998). 3. Global Environment Facility (GEF), "Environmental Management and Pro- tection of the Black Sea" (paper presented at the Program Co-ordinating Meeting, Constanta, Romania, 22-23 May, 1992). 4. A. S. Bologa, A. Cociasu, V. Diaconu, R. Mihnea, S. Nicolaev, N. Panin, and V. Tiganus, "Romanian Involvement in Black Sea Research," in Black Sea Research. Country Profiles, 3 (Paris: UNESCO/IOC, 1993), pp. 45-79. 5. A. S. Bologa, "Marine Biological Research around the Black Sea," Noesis 22 (1997): 53-64. 6. A. S. Bologa, "Regional Research and Management Developments in the Black Sea" Ocean Yearbook 14 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

7. Yu. P. Zaitsev, V. Mamaev, Marine Biological Diversity in the Black Sea. A Study of Change and Decline (New York: GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme, U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 3, 1997), 208 pp. 8. G. Serpoianu, "Le bilan hydrologique de la mer Noire," Cercetari marine- Recherches marines, 5-6 (1973): 145-153. 9. U. Unluata, T. Oguz, M. A. Latif, and E. Ozsoy, "On the physical oceanogra- phy of the Turkish Straits," in Physical Oceanography of the Straits, ed. J. L. Pratt (The Netherlands: NATO ASI Series, Kluwer Academic Publ., 1990), pp. 25-60. . 10. V. I. Reshetnikov, "Vodniy balans Chernogo morya i ego izmenenie pod vliyaniem khozyaistvennoy deyatelnosti" (diss., Moscow State University, Depart- ment of Geography, 1992), 150 pp. 11. See n. 9 above. 12. FAO, Environmental Management of Fish Resources in the Black Sea and their Rational Exploitation (Rome: Circular letter No. 909, ISSN 0429-9329, Preliminary version, 1996) 198 pp. 13. See n. 12 above.

14. A. S. Bologa, M. Apas, A. Cociasu, E. Cuingioglu, V. Patrascu, I. Pecheanu, V. Piescu, L. Popa, "Present Level of Contaminants in the Romanian Black Sea Sector," Internat. Symp. Mar. Poll., Extended Synopses (IAEA-SM-354/26, 1998), pp. 47-48.

15. UNEP/GESAMP, "The State of the Marine Environment," Reports and Studies, 39 (1990).

16. See n. 12 above. 17. Ibid. 18. Ibid. 19. Ibid.

20. Ibid. 21. A. E. Kideys, "Recent Dramatic Changes in the Black Sea Ecosystem: The Reason for the Sharp Decline in Turkish Anchovy Fisheries," Mar Systems 5 ( 1994) : 171-181. 22. See n. 7 above. A biocenosis is a vast biological formation, with specific organization, life and reproduction conditions, constituting a distinct environmen- tal entity, perfectly adapted to a specific geographic area. 23. See n. 7 above. . 24. A. S. Bologa, "Review of the State of Environment and Biological Changes in the Romanian Black Sea Sector," in Problems of the Black Sea, plenary reports, International Conference, Sevastopol, Ukraine, 10-15 November 1992; A. S. Bo- loga, N. Bodeanu, A. Petranu, V. Tiganus, and Yu. P. Zaitsev, "Major modifications of the Black Sea Benthic and Planktonic Biota in the Last Three Decades," in Les mers tributaires deMediterranee, Bull. Instit. Oceanogr., Monaco, num. spec. 15 (1995), 85-110.

25. A. S. Bologa, "Annotated Bibliography on the Macrophytobenthos along the Romanian Black Sea Coast (1981-1986)," Cercetari marine-Recherches marines (1987/1988) 20/21: 353-384. 26. A. S. Bologa, "Present State of Seaweed Production along the Romanian Black Sea Shore," Vie et Millieu 39 (1989), 2: 105-109. 27. A. Bavaru, A. S. Bologa, H. V. Skolka, "A Checklist of the Benthic Marine Algae (Except the Diatoms) along the Romanian Shore of the Black Sea," Rev. Roum. Biol. Biol. Veget. 36 (1991), 1-2: 7-22. 28. A. S. Bologa, A. Bavaru, "Lista rosie a algelor macrofite bentale disparute si pe cale de extinctie, rare si insuficient cunoscute din sectorul romanesc al Marii Negre," in Ocrot. Nat. Med. Inconj. (in press).

. 29. A. S. Bologa, M. Usurelu, P. T. Frangopol, "Planktonic Primary Productiv- ity of the Romanian Surface Coastal Waters (Black Sea) in 1979," Oceanologica Acta 4, 3 (1981): 343-349; A. S. Bologa, H. V. Skolka, P. T. Frangopol, "Annual Cycle of Planktonic Primary Productivity of the Romanian Black Sea Coast," Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 19 (1984): 25-32; A. S. Bologa, "Planktonic Primary Productivity of the Black Sea: A Review," Thalassiajugoslavica 21/22, 'h (1985/1986): 1-22. 30. Yu. P. Zaitsev, "Recent Changes in the Trophic Structure of the Black Sea," Fish. Oceanogr. 1, 2 (1992): 180-189. 31. A. Petranu (ed.), Black Sea BiologicalDiversity. Romania (National Report), GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme (New York: U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 4, 1997); A. Konsulov (ed.), Black Sea BiologicalDiversity. Bul- garia (National Report), GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme (New York: U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 5, 1998); A. Khomakhidze, N. Maz- manidi (eds.), Black Sea BiologicalDiversity. Georgia (National Report), GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme (New York: U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 8, 1998); Yu. P. Zaitsev, B. G. Alexandrov (eds.), Black Sea Biological Diversi- ty. Ukraine (National Report), GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme (New York: U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 7, 1998).

32. A. Petranu, see n. 31 above. 33. M. Moldoveanu, F. Vasiliu, and L. Dima, "Some Considerations Regarding the Status of the Dolphins along the Romanian Littoral of the Black Sea" (Review presented at the first GEF/BSEP meeting on the Black Sea marine mammals, Istanbul/Turkey, December 12-15, 1995). 34. See n. 25 above. 35. L. D. Mee, Saying the Black Sea. Editorial. Official newsletter of the GEF- BSEP, 1, September 1, 1994.

36. A. S. Bologa, "Romanian Contributions to Ongoing Black Sea Research and Management Programmes," in Environmental Degradation of the Black Sea: Chal- lenge and Remedies S. Besiktepe, U. Unluata & A. S. Bologa (eds.), (The Netherlands: Kluwer Acad. Publ., 1999), pp. 367-376. 37. See n. 6 above.

38. S. Hobson, L. D. Mee (eds.), The Black Sea in Crisis, An Encounter of Beliefs: A Single Objective (Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong: World Scientific, 1998), 262 pp.


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