Aquaculture in the Fiji Islands: The Need for a Comprehensive Statutory Framework

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  • 1. J. Bell, Aquaculture: A Development Opportunity for Pacific Islands, (Noumea: Information Paper 19, 1 st SPC Heads of Fisheries Meeting, Noumea, New Caledonia, 9-13 August 1999, Secretariat for the Pacific Community, 1999). 2. K. R. Uwate, Aquaculture Development in the Pacific Islands Region, (Honolulu: Pacific Islands Development Programme, 1984).

  • 3. R. Thistlethwaite and G. Votaw, Environment and Development: A Pacific Island Perspective, (Manila: Asian Development Bank, 1992). 4. M. Lagibalavu, "Fiji country report," in T. Adams, (ed.), MeetingReport: First Heads o fFisheries Meeting, 9-13 Aug ust 1999 (Noumea: Secretariat for the Pacific Com- munity, 1999). 5. FAO, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (Rome: FAO Fisheries De- partment, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 1999).

  • 6. S. Mario, personal communication. 2001.

  • 7. Cap. 158 of the Laws of Fiji. 8. G. R. South and J. Veitayaki, "Fisheries in Fiji," in B. Lal and T. R. Vakatora (eds.), Research Papers of the Fiji Constitution Review, Vol. 1. Fiji in Transition. (Suva: School of Social and Economic Development, The University of the South Pacific, 1998), pp. 291-311. 9. Lagibalavu (n. 4 above); MAFF, Fiji Fisheries Division-Annual Report 1997. (Suva: Fiji Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Forests and ALTA, 1997).

  • 10. Cap. 132 of the Laws of Fiji. 11. United Nations Environment Programme, 1992. Available online: . 12. Fiji's Parliamentary processes have since resumed; however, the Sustain- able Development Bill still awaits introduction to Parliament.

  • 13. T. Adams, "Outputs of the Meeting," in T. Adams (ed.), Meeting Report: First Heads of Fisheries Meeting, 9-13 August 1999. (Noumea: Secretariat for the Pacific Community, 1999).

  • 14. P. J. Reay, Aquaculture. (London: Studies in Biology No. 106, Edward Ar- nold, 1979). 15. J. E. Bardach, J. H. Ryther and W. O. McLarney, Aquaculture: The Farming and Husbandry of Freshwater and Marine Organisms. (New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1972) .

  • 16. Reay (n. 14 above).

  • 17. FAO, FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries 5: Aquaculture Develop- ment (Rome: FAO Fisheries Department, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 1997), at p. 6.

  • 18. Fisheries Task Force, Fisheries Act Review,: Public Discussion Docunce�zt (Wel- lington: MAF Policy, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Government of New Zealand, 1991).

  • 19. South and Veitayaki (n. 8 above).

  • 20.Ibid. 21. n. 7 above.

  • 22. Fisheries Act, 1983 014. Commenced: 1 October 1983. Available online: . The new Part IVA on Marine Farming was inserted by the Fisheries Amendment Act 1993 067. Commenced: 7 July 1993. Available online: . 23. Marine Farming Act, 1971 029. Commenced: 1 January 1972.

  • 24. South and Veitayaki (n. 8 above). 25. Muaikaba Fishing Cooperative (pers. comm.). (1997). 26. J. Hicks, "Fishing laws to change," TheFiji Times (28 April 1999). 27. Full-page paid advertisement, "Blueprint for the Protection of Fijian & Rotuman Rights and Interests, and the Advancement of Their Development," The Daily Post (14 July 2000).

  • 28.RepublicofFijiandAttorney-GeneralofFijiv.ChandrikaPrasad, in the Court of Appeal, Fiji Islands on appeal from the High Court of Fiji Islands, (1 March 2001) Civil Appeal No. ABU0078 of 2000S. Judgement available online: (accessed 15 May 2002).

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