Communicating the Harmful Impact of TBT: What can Scientists Contribute to EU Environmental Policy Planning in a Global Context?*

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References
  • *The funding of the EU Life Programme was crucial in designing and per- forming this cooperative project. The ongoing participation of the policy network of this project has been of great value. We thank the members for their continuing interest and willingness to participate in formal and informal discussions throughout the project, in particular Mr L. Burgel, Mr H. Foeken and Ms M. van Binsbergen (Directorate General for Transport, NL Ministry for Transport, Public Works and Water Management), Mr S. Josephus Jitta (Directorate General for the Environ- ment, NL Ministry for Public Housing, Physical Planning and the Environment), Professor Dr E. Hey (International Natural Resources Law, Erasmus University, The Netherlands), Mr H. Van Hoorn (NL Ministry for Transport, Public Works and Wa- ter Management), Ms S. Lintu (International Maritime Organization), and Mr M. Leonard-Williams (Directorate General for Transport, European Commission). We are grateful to the many representatives from policy and from interested organisa- tions for their preparedness to present their views at the project public meetings and at special seminars and their willingness to join in the public discussions. This is NIOZ Publication No. 3676.

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  • 48. Map of the World: the internal representation of human beings as based on their reflection and interpretation of all sensory information as received from the external world, as well as internal sensory (proprioceptive) signals. The interpre- tation reflects people's backgrounds, such as the community in which they operate and its rules, structure and processes, the values of the individual human and of relevant peer groups, as well as character traits and structures. See A. Korzybski, Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics, (Lakeview, Conn., USA: The International Non-Aristotelian Library Publishing Co., 1958).

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  • 50. Available online: . 51. EU, Green Week Conference, (Brussels: 24-28 April 2001).

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  • 59. TBT Seminars, Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia (Brazil: Ministry of the Environ- ment, 28-30 August 2000). 60. WWF-initiative Global 2000 - TBT: Conference "A threat to the oceans shown in three ecoregions - environmentally sound ship-paints as alternatives," (Hanover EXPO, 19 September 2000). 61. LC/SG 23, Report of Meeting (2000), (London: IMO, 2000); LC/SG 24, Report of Meeting (2001), (London: IMO, 2001). . 62. C. C. Ten Hallers-Tjabbes and B. van Hattum, "Imposex and TBT in Buc- cinum undatum and in sediments in the North Sea," Report re STOF*CHEMIE, RIKZ-RWS, 1996). Also LC/SG 19/INF.18, Submitted by the Netherlands, May 1996; M. M. Santos, M. N. Vieira, A. M. Santos, J. L. Gomez-Ariza, I. Giraldez and C. C. Ten Hallers-Tjabbes, "Impact of Butyltins released by discharge of dredged spoil material," (Submitted, 2002).

  • 63. C. C. Ten Hallers-Tjabbes, "Science communication and Precautionary Policy: A marine case study," in J. Tickner (ed.), Precaution, Science and Preventive Public Policy (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2002), (in press). 64. Korzybski (n. 48 above); R. A. Hinde, Biological basis of hu�rcan social behaviour (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1974). 65. HIC-TBT Project, Report of 2nd Progress Meeting, available at: (2000).

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  • 78. Available online: (http://www.pemsea.org).

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  • 83. Underdal and Wettestad (n. 70 above).

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