Empowering Local Communities: Case Study of Votua, Ba, Fiji

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Empowering Local Communities: Case Study of Votua, Ba, Fiji

in Ocean Yearbook Online

References

1. R. Chambers, Rural Development: PuttingtheLastFirst. (London: Longman, 1983); R. Chambers, 4Vhose Reality Counts: Putting the First Last. (London: Intermedi- ate Technology Publications, 1997); D. Porter, B. Allen and G. Thompson, Deuelop- ment in Practice: Paved with Good Intentions. (London: Routledge, 1991 ); A. Carr, 1994. Grassroots and Green Tape: Community-based Environmental Management in Australia, Ph.D. Thesis, Australian National University, Canberra; R. Beilin, "Participatory Ru- ral Appraisal: an inclusive methodology for community and environment planning," in H. Wallace (ed.), DevelopingAlternatives: Community Development Strategies and Envi- ronmental Issues in the Pacific. (Melbourne: Victoria University of Technology, 1996), p. 67-83; P. Blaikie, 1996. "New knowledge and rural development: a review of views and practicalities," Paper for the 28th International Geographical Congress, Hague (not published); G. H. Axinn and N. W. Axinn, Collaboration in International Rural Development: A Practitioner's Handbook. (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1997).

2. E. Hviding, "Customary Marine Tenure and Fisheries Management: some challenges, prospects and experiences," in G. R. South, D. Goulet, S. Tuqiri and M. Church (eds.), Traditional Marine Tenure and Sustainable Management of Marine Resources in Asia and the Pacific. (Suva: International Ocean Institute-South Pa- cific, 1994), 88-100, at p. 91; R. Johannes, "Design of Tropical Nearshore Fisheries Extension Work Beyond the 1990s," in G. R. South, D. Goulet, S. Tuqiri and M. Church (eds.), Traditional Marine Tenure and Sustainable Management of Marine Re- sources in Asia and the Pacific. (Suva: International Ocean Institute-South Pacific, 1994), 162-174, at p. 162; R. S. Pomeroy, "Traditional Base for Fisheries Develop- ment: revitalising traditional community and resource management systems in Southeast Asia," in G. R. South, D. Goulet, S. Tuqiri and M. Church (eds.), Tradi- tional Marine Tenure and Sustainable Management of Marine Resources in Asia and the Pacific. (Suva: International Ocean Institute-South Pacific, 1994), 226-252, at p. 226; K. Ruddle, "Traditional Marine Tenure in the 90s" in G. R. South, D. Goulet, S. Tuqiri and M. Church (eds.), Traditional Marine Tenure and Sustainable Management of Marine Resources in Asia and the Pacific. (Suva: International Ocean Institute-South Pacific, 1994), 6-45, at p. 6; J. Veitayaki, "Introduction", in G. R. South, D. Goulet, S. Tuqiri and M. Church (eds.), Traditional Marine Tenure and Sustdinable Management of Marine Resources in Asia and the Pacific. (Suva: International Ocean Institute-South Pacific, 1994), 1-5, at p. 1; J. Veitayaki, Fisheries Development in Fiji: The Quest for Sustainability. (Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies and the Ocean Resources Manage- ment Programme, 1995), p. vii; J. Veitayaki and G. R. South, "Coastal Fisheries in the Tropical South Pacific: a question of sustainability," in B. Japar Sidik, F. M. Yussof, M. S. Mohd Zaki and T. Petr (eds.), Fisheries and theEnvironment Beyond 2000. (Serdang, Malaysia: Universiti Putra Malaysia, 1997). 3. J. Veitayaki, "Cooperation among Small Island Developing States in the Area of Marine Biodiversity: A Case Study of SPREP's South Pacific Biodiversity Con- servation Programme," Submitted to Ocean and Coastal Management (in press).

4. R. Chambers 1992. "Rural Appraisal: rapid, relaxed and participatory," In- ternational Development Studies (IDS) Discussion Paper 311, p. 5. 5. J. Carew-Reid, 1989. "Environment, Aid and Regionalism in the South Pa- cific," Pacific Research Monograph No. 22, National Centre for Development Stud- ies, Australian National University, Canberra; P. Schoeffel, 1996. "Sociocultural Is- sues and Economic Development in the Pacific Islands," Pacific Studies Series, Asian Development Bank, Manila. 6. Chambers (n. 4 above), p. 15.

7. WWF (World Wildlife Fund for Nature) South Pacific Program, Community Resource Conservation and Development: a toolkit for community-based conserva- tion and sustainable development in the Pacific, (Suva: WWF South Pacific Program, 1996). 8. J. Parks and N. Salafsky (eds.), "Fish for the Future? A collaborative test of locally-managed marine areas as a biodiversity conservation and fisheries manage- ment tool in the Indo-Pacific region," Report on the Initiation of a Learning Port- folio. (Washington DC: World Resources Institute, 2001). 9. ECOWOMAN, 2000. Participatory Learning and Action: A Trainers Guide for the South Pacific. ECOWOMAN and SPACHEE, Suva. p. 1. 10. Ibid.

11. Biodiversity Conservation Network (BCN), "Summary Report on the 1997 Verata Tikina Marine Resource Monitoring Workshop," Ucunivanua. 22 April-2 May 1997. 12. A. Tawake, J. Parks, P. Radikedike, W. Aalbersberg, V. Vuki and N. Salasf- sky, "Harvesting Clams and Data: involving local communities in implementing and monitoring a marine protected area. A case study from Fiji," Submitted to Conserva- tion Biology in Practice (in press); A. Tawake and W. Aalbersberg, "Community-

based Refugia Management in Fiji," Paper presented at the Pacific Science Inter- Congress in Guam, June 1-6, 2001. 13. E. Radrodro, "UNDP to help Ba Province Marine Project," The Fiji Sun, 21 March 2000, 5. 14. Tawake et al. (n. 12 above); Tawake and Aalbersberg (n. 12 above).

15. J. Veitayaki, "Traditional Resource Management Practices in the Pacific Islands: an agenda for change," Ocean and Coastal Management, 37, 1: 123-136.

16. Results of this study may be found at the following Web site: www.lmma- network.org.

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