EDITORS' NoTE.-An earlier version of the essay was presented as a keynote address at the Pacem in Maribus XXVIII Conference-The European Challenge, Hamburg, Germany, 3-6 December 2000. The text was subsequently updated and revised by the author to reflect the entry into force of the 1995 United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement on 11 December 2001. 1. W. Ashburner, TheRhodianSeaLaw (Clarendon Press: Oxford, 1909), (re- printed Scientia: Aalen, 1976), p. 1 et seq.; cf. also Digests 14, 2, 1. 2. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982. A/Conf. 63/122. Entered into force, 16 November 1994. Accessed 15 April, 2002 on the World Wide Web: http://www.un.org/depts/los/. 3. J. M. Pardessus, CollectiondeLoisMaritimesauterieursauXVIIsiècle, vol. 1 (Paris: 1828) (reprinted Bottega d'Erasmo: Torino, 1959), p. 323 et seq. 4. Pardessus, p. 463 et seq.
5. H. Grotius, MareLiberum:sive,DeiurequodBataviscompetitadIndicanacommer-ciadissertatio (New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1952).
6. J. Selden, OftheDominion;or,OwnershipoftheSea (New York: Arno, 1972). Translation of MareClausum, Reprint of the 1652 ed.