Climate Change and Canada's Shipping Lanes: The Background Science†

in Ocean Yearbook Online
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • EDITORS' NoTE.-Presented to a seminar on "Global Warming and Canada's Shipping Lanes" at the Canadian Maritime Law Association Annual General Meet- ing, June 2001, Montreal, Canada.

  • 1. R. Revelle and H. E. Suess, "Carbon dioxide exchange between the atmo- sphere and ocean and the question of an increase of atmospheric C02 during the Past decades," Tellus 9 (1957): 18-27.

  • 2. World Meteorological Organization. Report of the International Conference on the Assessment of the Role of Carbon Dioxide and of Other Greenhouse Gases in Climate Varia- tions and Associated Impacts. WMO Report #661. Geneva: World Meteorological Orga- nization, 1986, p. 1. 3. World Meteorological Organization. Proceedings of the World Conference on the Changing Atmosphere: Implications for Global Security. WMO Report #710. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization, 1988, p. 292. 4. J. T. Houghton, G. J. Jenkins and J. J. Ephraums, eds., Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), preface.

  • 5. S. Agrawala, "Structural and process history of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change," Climatic Change 39 (2000): 621-42; IPCC., 2001. Third Assess- ment Report on Climate Change, Volumes I, II and III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

  • 6. C. Anderson, "Global Warming and Canada's Shipping Lanes: An Oceanog- rapher's View," in Ocean Yearbook 17 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), Pp. 563-579. l 7. L. Mortsch, H. Hengeveld, M. Lister, B. Lofgren, F. Quinn, M. Slivitzky and L. Wenger, "Climate change impacts on the hydrology of the Great Lakes-St. Law- rence system," Canadian Water Resources journal 25 (2000): 153-80.

  • 8. F. Millerd, "The impact of water level changes on commercial navigation in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River," Canadian Journal of Regional Science 19 (1996): 119-30; J. Smith, B. Lavender, H. Auld, D. Broadhurst and T. Bullock, "Adapting to Climate Variability and Change in Ontario," in The Canada Country Study: Climate Impacts and Adaptation, vol. N (Toronto: Environment Canada, 1998), p. 117.

  • 9. S. J. Cohen, ed. MacKenzie Basin Impact Study (MBIS). Toronto: Environment Canada, 1997, p. 372. 10. Ibid. 11. S. Lambert, "The effect of enhanced greenhouse warming on winter cy- clone frequency and strengths," Journal of Climate 8 (1995): 1447-52. 12. R. E. Carnell, C. A. Senior andj. F. B. Mitchell, "An assessment of measures of storminess: simulated changes in Northern Hemisphere winters due to increasing C01," ClimateDynamics 12 (1996): 467-76.

  • 13. L. R. Schade and K. A. Emanuel, "The ocean's effect on the intensity of tropical cyclones: results from a simple coupled atmosphere-ocean model," journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 56 (1999): 642-51; T. R. Knutson, R. E. Tuleya and Y. Kuri- hara, "Simulated increase of hurricane intensities in a C02-warmed climate," Science 279 (1998): 1018-20. 14. J. Shaw, R. B. Taylor, D. L. Forbes, S. M. Solomon and M.-H. Ruz. Sensitivity of the Coasts of Canada to Sea Level Rise. GSC Report #505. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada, 1998, pp. 1-79.

Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 15 14 0
Full Text Views 56 56 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0