Solving the Tuna-Dolphin Problem in the Eastern Pacific Purse-Seine Fishery

in Ocean Yearbook Online
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.

Help

 

Have Institutional Access?

Login with your institution. Any other coaching guidance?

Connect

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

References
  • 1. F. G. Alverson, "Distribution of fishing effort and resulting tuna catches from the eastern tropical Pacific by quarters of the year, 1951-1958," Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin 4 (1960): 321-446; G. C. Broadhead, "Recent changes in the efficiency of vessels fishing for yellowfin tuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean," Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin 6 (1962): 283-332; R. E. Green, W. F. Perrin, and B. P. Petrich, "The American tuna purse-seine fishery,"

  • in Modern Fishing Gear of the World, vol. 3, ed. H. Kristjonsson (London: Fishing News (Books) Ltd., 1971), pp. 182-94; J. S. Cole, "Synopsis of biological data on the yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) in the Pacific Ocean," Inter- American Tropical Tuna Commission Special Report 2 (1980): 71-150.

  • 2. W. F. Perrin, R. W. Warner, C. L. Fiscus and D. B. Holts, "Stomach contents of porpoise, Stenella spp., and yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares, in mixed species aggregation," Fishery Bulletin U.S. 71 (1973), pp. 1077-92; W. E. Stuntz, The Tuna- Dolphin Bond: a Discussion of Current Hypotheses, Southwest Fisheries Center, NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service [U.S.]), Administrative Report no. LJ-81- 19, p. 9, August 1981; Anonymous, Annual Report of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission for 1993, p. 316, 1994.). 3. E. F. Edwards, "Energetics of associated tunas and dolphins in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean: A basis for the bond," Fishery Bulletin U.S. 90 (1992): 678- 90; E. F. Edwards, Separation/attraction Research on the Tuna-dolphin Bond: Re- view and Criteria for Future Proposals, National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Administrative Report. LJ-96-17, p. 25, (1996).

  • 4. T. D. Smith and N. C. H. Lo, Some Data on Dolphin Mortality in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Tuna Purse Seine Fishery Prior to 1970, U.S. Department of Com- merce, NOAA Tech. Memo. NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFC-34 , p. 26, 1983; R. C. Francis, F. T. Awbrey, C. L. Goudey, M. A. Hall, D. M. King, H. Medina, K. S. Norris, M. K. Orbach, R. Payne and E. Pikitch, Dolphins and the Tuna Industry, xii (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1992), p. 176. 5. W. F. Perrin, "The porpoise and the tuna," Sea Frontiers 14, no. 3 (1968): 166-174; W. F. Perrin, "Using porpoise to catch tuna," World Fishing 18 ( 1969) : 42- 45. 6. M. A. Hall and S. D. Boyer, "Incidental mortality of dolphins in the eastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery in 1986," REport of the International Whaling Commission 38 (1988): 439-41.

  • 7. M. A. Hall, "Strategies to reduce the incidental mortality of marine mam- mals and other species in fisheries," in Developments in Marine Biology, vol. IV of Whales, Seals, Fish and Man, ed. A. Schytte Bix et al. (Tromso, Norway: Elsevier Publ., 1995), pp. 537-44; M. A. Hall, "On by-catches," Review in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6 (1996): 319-52. 8. M. A. Hall, "An ecological view of the tuna dolphin problem: impacts and trade-offs," Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 8 (1998): 1-34.

  • 9. N. C. H. Lo and T. D. Smith, "Incidental mortality of dolphins in the eastern tropical Pacific, 1959-1972," Fishery Bulletin U.S. 84 (1986): 27-34. 10. Anonymous, Tuna-dolphin workshop. "Incidental Mortality of Dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Tuna Fishery, 1979-1988." Working Document no. 2. San Jose, Costa Rica, March 14-16, 1989.

  • 11. B. E. Wahlen and T. D. Smith, "Observer effect on incidental dolphin mortality in the eastern tropical Pacific tuna fishery," Fishery Bulletin U.S. 83 no. 4 (1985): 521-30.

  • 12. J. M. Coe and G. Sousa, "Removing porpoises from a tuna purse seine," Marine Fisheries Review 34 nos. 11-12 (1972): 15-19; J. M. Coe, D. B. Holts and R. W. Butler, "The "tuna-porpoise" problem: NMFS dolphin mortality reduction research, 1970-81," MarineFisheries Review 46, no. 3 (1984): 18-33. 13. E. G. Baker, W. K. Taguchi and S. B. Reilly, "Porpoise rescue methods in the yellowfin tuna purse seine fisheries and the importance of Medina panel mesh size," MarineFisheries Review 39, no. 5 (1977): 1-10.

  • 14. J.Joseph, "The tuna-dolphin controversy in the eastern Pacific Ocean: bio- logical, economic, and political impacts," Ocean Development and International Law 25 (1994): 1-30.

  • 15. Hall (n. 8 above).

  • 16. D. P. DeMaster, "Strategic Plan to Develop and Evaluate "Dolphin-safe" Methods of Fishing for Yellowfin Tuna in the Eastern Tropical Pacific," National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, Administrative Report LJ-92-16 (1992), 21 pp.

  • 17. C. W. Oliver, W. A. Armstrong and J. A. Young, "Development of an Air- borne LIDAR System to Detect Tunas in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Purse-seine Fishery," U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memo, NOAA-TM- NMFS-SWFSC-204, p. 67, (1994).

  • 18. O. A. Misund and A. Beltestad, "Size-selection of mackerel and saithe in purse seines," I.C.E.S., C.M. 1994/B: 28, Ref. G.H., pp. 1-12, (1994). 19. Hall (n. 8 above).

  • 20. Convention for the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), Washington, 1949, 1 UST 230, TIAS 2044. 21. See Minutes of the 52nd Meeting of the IATTC, La Jolla, California, Octo- ber 1993, Dr. Joseph's Comments. 22. See Joseph (n. 14 above). 23. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA), 16 U.S.C. 1361-1407, Public Law 92-522, 1972. 24. MMPA, §1371 Sec 101. (a) (1). 25. Ibid. (a) (2). 26. Ibid. (b). 27. Ibid. (a) (2).

  • 28. Ibid. 29. Ibid. §1372 Sec 102 (c). 30. The Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (MFCMA), 16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq., Public Law 94-265. 31. MMPA of 1972 as amended by Public Law 94-265 (1976). 32. MMPA of 1972 as amended by Public Law 97-58 (1981).

  • 33. MMPA of 1972 as amended by Public Law 98-364 (1984). 34. MMPA of 1972 as amended by Public Law 100-711 (1988). 35. Ibid. §1371 Sec 101. (a) (2) (B) (I). 36. Ibid. (IV).

  • 37. Ibid (II). 38. Ibid. (a) (2) (C). 39. Earth Island Institute vs. Mosbacher, 746 F. Supp. 964, 975 (N.D. Cal. 1990), aff d, 929 F. 2d. 1449 (9th Cir. 1991). 40. MMPA (n. 34 above), §1371 Sec 101 (a) (2) (D). 41. Marine Mammal Commission, Annual Report to Congress (1992). 42. The Dolphin Consumer Protection Information Act, Public Law 101-627 (1990).

  • 43. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as amended by Public Law 101, 627 (1990). 44. MMPA (n. 40 above). 45. MMPA §1362 (5). 46. (n. 38 above). 47. The amendments enacted by the International Dolphin Conservation Act of 1992, codified at 16 U.S.C. §§1411-1418.

  • 48. "Minutes of the 50th Meeting of the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Com- mission," La Jolla, California, June 1992, Appendix 7. 49. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as amended by Public Law 103- 238 (1994).

  • 50. "Minutes of the 29th Intergovernmental Meeting on the Conservation of Tunas and Dolphins in the Eastern Pacific Ocean," of the IATTC, La Jolla Califor- nia, June 1995, Appendix 5. 51. "Minutes of the 30th Intergovernmental Meeting on the Conservation of Tunas and Dolphins in the Eastern Pacific Ocean," of the IATTC, Panama City, Panama, October 1995, Appendix 4. 52. International Dolphin Conservation Program Act, Public Law 105-42 (1997). 53. Ibid. Sec. 2 (a) (1). 54. Ibid. (3). 55. Ibid. Sec. 3 (28) and (29).

  • 56. Ibid. Sec. 5 (d) (2). 57. Ibid. Sec. 5 (h). 58. Ibid. 59. Ibid. Sec. 6.

  • 60. Ibid. Art. V, 1, 2, 3. M 61. Ibid. Art. VII. � 62. Ibid. Art. VIII. � 63. Ibid. Art. X, XI, XII, and XIII respectively. � 64. Ibid. Art. XVII. 1 65. Ibid. Art. XX. % 66. Ibid. Art. XXI. \ 67. Ibid. Art. XXIV. 68. Ibid. Art. XXVI. 69. Ibid. Art. XXVII.

Index Card
Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 25 21 0
Full Text Views 66 66 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0