Approaches to Regional Marine Problems: A Progress Report on UNEP’s Regional Seas Program

in Ocean Yearbook Online
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Approaches to Regional Marine Problems: A Progress Report on UNEP’s Regional Seas Program

in Ocean Yearbook Online

References

1. Peter S. Thacher and Nikki Meith-Avcin, "The Oceans: Health and Prognosis," in Ocean Yearbook l, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), pp. 293-339.

2. The following UN bodies have worked in close cooperation with UNEP on the Regional Seas Programme: United Nations (UN); Economic Commission for Europe (ECE); UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO); UN Development Pro- gramme (UNDP); UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Unesco); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC of Unesco); World Health Organization (WHO); World Meteorologi- cal Organization (WMO); Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO); and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In addition, the Interna- tional Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), the World Tourist Organization (WTO), and the International Juridical Organization (IJO) have been involved in some aspects of the program. 3. The following discussion was adapted from S. Keckes, "Theory and Practice of the United Nations Environment Programme in Dealing with Regional Marine Prob- lems," unpublished manuscript (September 1977). Stjepan Keckes is the director of the Regional Seas Programme Activity Centre in Geneva.

4.MediterraneanActionPlan and the Final Acl of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries of the Coastal States of the Mediterranean Region on the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978); the latter document is also found in Ocean Yearbook 1, pp. 702-33. 5. Report of the Intergovernmental Review Meeting of Mediterranean Coastal States on the Mediterranean Action Plan (held in Monaco, January 9-14, 1978) (UNEP/IG.11/4) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978). Annex 4 of this report, "Recommendations for the Future Development of the Mediterranean Action Plan," will be found in this volume of Ocean Yearbook, pp. 547-54. 6. Report of the Intergovernmental Review Meeting of Mediterranean Coastal States and First Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention, for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution and its related protocols (Geneva, February 5-10, 1979) (UNEP/IG. 14/9) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1979).

7. "Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft" and "Protocol concerning Co-operation in Combating Pollu- tion of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and Other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency," in Ocean Yearbook 1, pp. 724-33. 8. Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources: A WHO/UNEP Survey of National Legislation (Nairobi: UNEP, 1976). 9. Report of the Intergovernmental Consultation concerning a Draft Protocol for the Protec- tion of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources (Athens, February 7-11, 1977) (UNEP/IG.6/6) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977). 10. Report of the Second Intergovernmental Consultation concerning a Draft Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources (Venice, Octo- ber 17-21, 1977) (UNEP/IG.19/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977).

11. This refers to work being carried out by the UNEP Working Group of Experts on Environmental Law regarding corrective and preventive measures for pollution damage arising from offshore mining and drilling carried out in the areas within national jurisdiction. 12. IJO/UNEP Meeting of Experts on the Legal Aspects of Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and Its Subsoil in the Mediteranean (Rome, December 11-15, 1978).

13.ReportoftheWorkshoponOilPollutionContingencyPlanning fortheMediterraneanSea (Malta, September 4-7, 1978) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978).

14. Pollutants from Land-based Sources in the Mediterranean: Report Prepared in Collab- oration with ECE, UNIDO, FAO, UNESCO, WHO, IAEA (UNEP/IG.11/INF.5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977). 15. Co-ordinated Mediterranean Pollution Monitoring and Research Programme (MEDPOL), Report of the Mid-Term Expert Consultation on the Joint FAO (GFCM)/UNEP Co-ordinaled Project on Pollution in the Mediterranean (MED II, III, IV, and Y) (Dubrovnik, May 2-13, 1977) (Rome: FAO, 1977). 16. (MEDPOL Summary Report of the Mid-Term Review Meeting on IOC/WMO/UNEP and IOC/UNEP Pilot Projects with Three Supplements (Barcelona, May 23-27, 1977) (IOC-WMO-UNEP/MED-MRM/3) (Paris: Unesco, 1977). 17. Mid-Term Review of the Joint WHO/UNEP Co-ordinated Pilot Project on Coastal Water Quality Control in the Mediterranean(report of the meeting of principal investigators of collaborating laboratories, Rome, May 30-June 1, 1977) (Geneva: WHO, 1977); see also WHO report in this volume, pp. 437-38. 18. Report on the Mid-Term Review Meeting on the Progress of the Co-ordinated Mediterra- nean Pollution Monitoring and Research Prograrnme and Related Projects of the Mediterranean Action Plan (Monaco, July 18-22, 1977) (UNEP/WG.11/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977). 19. Report on Meeting of Experts on Pollutants from Land-based Sources (Geneva, Sep- tember 19-24, 1977) (UNEP/WG.13/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977). 20. Proceedings of ICSEM/UNEP joint Workshop on Pollution of the Mediterranean (Antalya, November 24-27, 1978) (Monaco: ICSEM, 1979).

21. UNEP, Data Profiles for Chemicals, for the Evaluation of Their Hazards to the Environ- ment of the Mediterranean Sea, IRPTC Data Profile Series no. 1, vols. 1 and 2 (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978). 22. WHO, Principles and Guidelines for the Discharge of Wastes into the Marine Environ- ment (Geneva: WHO, 1979). 23. Manual for Monitoring of Oil and Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Waters and on Beaches: Supplement to Manuals and Guides no. 7 (Paris: Unesco, 1977); Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environment Research, part 2, Guidelines for the Use of Biological Accumulators in Marine Pollution Monitoring, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 150 (Rome: FAO, 1976); Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environment Research, part 3, Sampling and Analysis of Biological Material, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 158 (Rome: FAO, 1976); Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environment Research, part 4, Bases for SelectingBiological Tests to Evaluate Marine Pollution, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 164 (Rome: FAO, 1977); Manual of Selected Bioassay Techniques (Rome: FAO, in press); Manual for Investigations of Pollution Induced Modifications of Marine Ecosystems (Rome: FAO, in press); Guidelines for Health Related Monitoring of Coastal Water Quality (Geneva: WHO, 1977); Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environment Research, part 5, Statistical Tests, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper no. 182 (Rome: FAO, 1979).

24. MEDPOL, Administrative Report: February 1975-September 1978 (UNEP/IG. 14/Inf.4) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1979). 25. Report of the Intergovernrnental Meeting of Mediterranean Coastal States on the Blue Plan (Split, January 31-February 4, 1977) (UNEP/IG.5/7) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977).

26. Report of the Expert Consultation on Aquaculture Developments in the Mediterranean Region (convened by the government of Greece in co-operation with FAO(GFCM) and UNEP, Athens, March 14-18, 1978) (UNEP/WG.15/5/Rev. 1) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978).

27.ReportoftheUNDP/UNEPMeetingofGovernmentExperts forDevelopingaCo-operativeProgrammeonthePracticalApplicationofRenewableSourcesofEnergyintheMediterraneanRegion (Malta, October 9-13, 1978) (UNEP/WG.20/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978). 28. Report of the UNEP /CEFlGRE Meeting of Experts on Fresh Water Resources Manage- ment in the Mediterranean Region (Cannes, April 25-29, 1978) (UNEP/WG.16/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978). 29. Report of Expert Consultation on Mediterranean Marine Parks and Wetlands (Tunis, January 12-14, 1977) (UNEP/WG.6/5) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1977).

30. UNEP, Report on Pollutants fro�n Land-based Sources (see n. 19 above). 31. Final Act of the Kuwait Regional Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Areas (Kuwait, April 15-23, 1978) (Nairobi: UNEP, 1978); will also be found in this vol., pp. 516-46. 32. Ibid., this vol., p. 527.

33. Ibid., this vol., pp. 537-43. 34. Ibid., this vol., pp. 521-27.

35. Report oj the IOC/FAO/UNEP International Workshop on Marine Pollution in the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, IOC Workshop Report no. 11 (Port of Spain, December 13-17, 1976) (Paris: Unesco, 1977).

36. Report of the Interagency Meeting of the Joint UNEP/ECLA Carribbean Environment Project (Mexico City, August 23-25, 1978) (Mexico City: ECLA, 1978).

37.SummaryReportoftheIOCAssociation fortheCaribbeanandAdjacentRegions (IOCARIBE), 2d sess. (San Jose, Costa Rica, August 7-11,1978, and Paris, December 22, 1978) (Paris: IOC, 1978). 38. Final Report of the IMCO/UNEP International Workshop on the Prevention, Abatement and Combating of Pollution, from Ships in the Caribbean (Cartagena, October 23-27, 1978) (London: IMCO, 1978).

39. Report of the IOC/FAO/WHO/UNEP International Workshop on Marine Pollution in the Gulf of Guinea and Adjacent Areas, IOC Workshop Report no. 14 (Abidjan, May 2-9, 1978) (Paris: Unesco, 1978).

40. The term "East Asian Seas" refers to the oceanic embayments, gulfs, and semienclosed seas of both East and Southeast Asia. 41. Report o/ the 10(:/FflO(IPFC)/UNEP International Workshop on Marine Pollution in East Asian Waters, IOC Workshop Report no. 8 (held at University Sains Malaysia, Penang, April 7-13, 1976) (Paris: Unesco, 1976).

42. Report off the ASEAN Experts Meeting on the Environment (Jakarta, December 18-20, 1978) (Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, 1978).

43. "Report on the UNESCO Regional Seminar on Human Uses of the Mangrove Environment and Management Implications" (Bansoc, Dacca, Bangladesh, December 4-8, 1978), unpublished document (Paris: Unesco, 1978).

44. Report of the CPPSIF,40110CIUNEP International Workshop on Marine Pollution in the Southeast Pacific, IOC Workshop Report no. 15 (Santiago de Chile, November 6-10, 1978) (Paris: Unesco, 1978).

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