Regional Governance in the Mediterranean: An Almost Metaphysical Note

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1. Isidore of Seville, Etymologies, Book 21. Personal translation from the Classic original. 2. Thomas Aquinas, Sumnca Theologica, Question 90, art. 2. Personal translation from the Classic original.

3. Cosmopolitan Right. This refers to the ius cosmopoliticum, which Kant uses passim. 4. Immanuel Kant, The Metaphysics of Morals, personal translation from the Classic original. 5. Arvid Pardo (1914-1999) was the Head of the Malta Mission to the United Nations.

6. G. Stoker, "Governance as Theory: Five Propositions," International Social Science , Journal 155 (1998): 17-28. 7. Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention), adopted 16 February 1976, entered into force 12 February 1978, amended 10 June 1995, available online: . 8. The UN Mediterranean Action Plan was set up in 1975; its legal framework was enshrined in the 1976 Barcelona Convention.

9. See, in particular, the Protocol for the, Prot,ection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources, adopted in 1980 and the Protocol concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas, adopted in 1982. 10. The Maghreb is the African region north of the Sahara Desert and west of the Nile.

11. See Stoker, n. 6 above. 12. J.G. Rosenau and E.O. Czempeil, Governance without Govern.�rcent: Order and Change in World Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 5.

13. See the Mediterranean Action Plan, booklet published by MAP and the Programme Activity Centre for oceans and coastal areas, 1986.

14. See S. Busuttil, "The Governance of the Mediterranean," in The Future of tiae Mediterranean, ed., S. BusWtil (Malta: Foundation for International Studies, 1995).

15. The Constitution was amended by Referendum in October 2004, when 64.58 percent of the voters established that drinking water and sewage systems are fundamental human rights. 16. See M. Rabuffette, "When Water Becomes a Political Challenge," UNESCO Courier (March 2006)..


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