A Human Geographical Approach to Semienclosed Seas: The Mediterranean Case

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A Human Geographical Approach to Semienclosed Seas: The Mediterranean Case

in Ocean Yearbook Online

References

1. H. D. Smith and C. S. Lalwani, The North Sea: Sea Use Management, and Planning (Cardiff: UWIST, 1984), pp. 26-32.

2. I. P. Gerasimov, "The Mediterranean Region as a Geographical Phenomenon and Its Major Ecological Problems," in Contemporary Ecological-Geographical Problems of the Mediterranean, Proceedings of the IGU Commission on Environmental Problems (Palma de Mallorca: IGU Unesco, 1983), pp. 9-26; see also Norton Ginsburg, S. Holt, and W. Murdoch, eds., The Mediterranean Marine Environment and the Development of the Region, Pacem in Maribus III, Proceedings of the 101 Conference, Split, Yugoslavia, April 28-30, 1972 (Malta: Royal University of Malta Press, International Ocean Insti- tute, 1974). 3. G. F. Panza, G. Calcagnile, P. Scandone, and S. Mueller, "La struttura pro- fonda dell'area Mediterranea," in La dinamica della Terra, ed. F. Ippolito (Milan: Le Scienze, 1980), pp. 276-85. See also G. Calcagnile and G. F. Panza, "The Main Charac- teristics of the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere System in Italy and Surrounding Regions," Paleogeographia 119 (1980): 865-79.

4. F. Carré, "La Mediterranee," Mediterranee 21, no. 4 (1977): 51-65.

5. A. Vigari6, "Maritime Industrial Development Areas: Structural Evolution and Implications for Regional Development," in Cityport Industrialization and Regional Development: Spatial Analysis and Planning Strategies, ed. B. S. Hoyle and D. A. Pinder (Oxford: Pergamon, 1981), pp. 23-37. 6. Ch. Verlaque, "Patterns and Levels of Port Industrialization in the Western Mediterranean," in Hoyle and Pinder, eds., pp. 69-85.

7. J. C. Papaioannou, "The City of the Future," Ekistics 282 (1980): 175-228. 8. Barcelona Convention, 1976. The Action Plan for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea was agreed upon at a conference of representatives of 16 Mediter- ranean coastal states and other interested parties held in Barcelona January 28- February 4, 1974, also under the auspices of UNEP. A further conference was held in Barcelona, February 2-16, 1976, also under the auspices of UNEP, which resulted in the signing of a convention and two protocols by 12 of these states. The Barcelona

Convention entered into force February 12, 1978, after being ratified by 16 states (but not Albania or Turkey-who later signed in 1980). For further information about the Conference and text of the Barcelona Convention, see "Conference of Plenipoten- tiaries of the Coastal States of the Mediterranean Region for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea" (Barcelona, February 2-16, 1976), Ocean Yearbook 1, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), pp. 702-33; the text of the "Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources," reprinted in Ocean Yearbook 3, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), pp. 489-96; and "The International Convention concerning Pollution and the Mediterra- nean," Ocean Yearbook 6, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), pp. 572-73. 9. "Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources," related to the Barcelona Convention (1976), Athens, 1980. The text of the protocol is reprinted in Ocean Yearbook 3, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), pp. 489-96. 10. As far as general frameworks are concerned, see A. Vallega, Per una geografia del mare: Trasporti marittimi e rivoluzioni economiche, 2d ed. (Milan: Mursia, 1984), pp. 7- 12, 249-67, and Ecumene oceano: II mare nella civilta ieri, oggi, domani (Milan: Mursia, 1985), pp. 215-28.

11. B. Conforti and G. Francalanci, Atlante dei confini sottomarini (Atlas of the seabed boundaries) (Milan: Giuffre, 1979), pp. 85-88. 12. J. R. V. Prescott, The "Maritime Political Boundaries of the World (New York: Methuen, 1985), pp. 294-310; B. Conforti and G. Francalanci, Atlante dei confini sottomarini, pp. 69-92; G. Francalanci, D. Roman6, and T. Scovazzi, Atlas of the Straight Baselines, pt. 1, Art. 7 of the Convention of the United Nations on the Law of the Sea (Milan: Giuffre, 1986), pp. 58-61, 84-85, 95, 98-99, 118-21, 128-31, 136-37; and John Briscoe, "Islands in Maritime Boundary Delimitation," in this volume. See also "Analy- sis of the 'Judgment of the International Court of Justice on the Continental Shelf (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Malta), 3 June 1985,' " Ocean Yearbook 6, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), pp. 504-15. 13. See "The International Convention concerning Pollution and the Mediterra- nean," Ocean Yearbook 6, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986), pp. 572-73; and for ship-generated pollution in general, see the article by Edgar Gold, "New Directions in Ship-generated Marine Pollution Control: The New Law of the Sea and Developing Countries," in this volume.

14. FAO, Atlas of the Living Resources of the Sea (Rome: FAO, Fishery Department, 1981 ).

15. UNEP, The Health of the Oceans, UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies no. 16 (Geneva: UNEP, 1982). See also M. Aubert et al., Metaux lourds en Méditerranée, vol. 3, Campagnes oceanographiques du CERBOM, 1965-1982 (Paris: CERBOM, 1983). See "UN, Environmental Programme: Activities for the Protection and Development of the Mediterranean Region," Ocean Yearbook 1, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978), pp. 584-97; "Recommenda- tions for the Future Development of the Mediterranean Action Plan," Ocean Yearbook 2, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980), pp. 547-54; Peter S. Thacher and Nikki Meith, "Approaches to Regional Marine Problems: A Progress Report on UNEP's Regional Seas Programme," Ocean

Yearbook2, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980), pp. 153-82 (the Mediterranean Action Plan is discussed on pp. 158-68); and a further update, "UNEP: An Update on the Regional Seas Pro- gramme," Ocean Yearbook 4, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982), pp. 450-61. "WHO Coastal Water Qual- ity Programme and Its Relation to Other International Efforts on Marine Pollution Control," Ocean Yearbook 2, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese and Norton Ginsburg (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980), pp. 435-44, also discusses the Mediter- ranean Action Plan and water pollution standards and controls. 16. Aubert et al.

17. J. Keegan and A. Wheatcroft, Zones of Conflict: An Atlas of Future Wars (Lon- don: J. Cape, 1986), pp. 14-20, 29-33, 39-43. 18. The Times Atlas of the Oceans, ed. Alistair Couper (New York: Times Books, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1983), pp. 208-9.

19. United Nations, Coastal Area Management and Development (Oxford: Perga- mon, 1982), pp. 10-12. As far as littoral impacts are concerned, see R. Paskoff, Les littoraux: Impact des amenagement sur leur evolution (Paris: Masson, 1985); P. Fabbri, "Coastline Changes in Italy," Journal of Shoreline Management 1 (1985): 105-9; and F. Mour and J. Durand, "La costa Mediterranea al 2000," Futuribili 4 (November 1970): 47-54.

20. As far as general frameworks are concerned, see A. D. Couper, "Marine Resources and Environment," Progress in Humane Geography 2, no. 2 (1978): 296-308.

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