OF RUKHS AND ROOKS, CAMELS AND CASTLES

in Oriens
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OF RUKHS AND ROOKS, CAMELS AND CASTLES

in Oriens

References

He quotes from it very extensively, usually without source reference. See my "On Animal.s: excerpts of Aristotle and Ibn Sina in Marwazi's Tabd'i' al-hayawdn." In C. Steel e.a., Aris- totle's Animals in the Middle Ages and Renai.ssance. Leuven 1999, 91-120.

Z As spelt in McKcnzic, A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary. 3 Not 'araba, as Murray (1913: 160) says.

4 See Pareja 1935: II, LXXII-LXXVII; Levi-Provencal 1950-67: III, 443; Wieber 1972: 229-30.

' My sincere thanks to Prof. Robert Hillenbrand for referring this article to me.

6 Cf. the ref. in Wilkinson (1968: XI) , where reference is made to a passage in Firdausi's `fhahname about rushs (interpreted as "charioteers" or "heroes") with "lips full of blood and foam". Cf. also Murray 1913: 159. ' The shape can even be connected to the form in which the rook appears in various Far Eastern countries (Murray 1913; 387) and also, in the past, in Russia Murray 1913: 378-80), namcly a boat. According to Wilkinson (1968: XXIII) says that this is due to association of with the Sanskrit word for boat, roka. 8 There can hardly be a connection, but it is remarkable to see the chess pieces in the

shape of a Bactrian camel that were used in a variety of chess that occurred among some North Asian tribes. This game also included the chariot. See Murray 1913: 371, afler Savenkof. 9 Cf. Pareja 1935: II, C, note 2.

Aristotle. 1965-91. Hitoria Animalium. Vol. I and II: ed. and tr. A. L. Peck; vol. III ed. and tr. D.M. Balme and A. Gotthclf. London-Cambridge Mass. Loeb Classical Library 437--9.

Aristûtâlîs. 1977. 'Abd ar-Rahman Badawi (ed.). Tibâ' al-ḥayawân. Tarjamat Yûhannâ ibn al-Bitrîq. Kuwayt.

Contadini, Anna. 1995. "Islamic Ivory Chess Pieces, Draughtsmen and Dice". In: James Allen (ed.) Islamic Art in the Ashmolean Museum. Part One. Oxford Studies in Islamic Art X. Oxford 1995. Pp. 111-154.

ad-Damîrî. 1963/1383. Hayât al-hayawân. 2 vols. Cairo.

Dozy, R. 1881. Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes. 2 vols. Leiden.

Eales, R. Chess. 1985. London.

Glossariumlatino-arabicumexunicoquiexstat codiceleidensi undecimosaeculoin Hispaniaconscripto. 1900. Ed. C.F. Seybold. Berlin.

Golombek, Harry. 1976. A History of Chess. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Ibn Sina. 1970/1390. Ash-Shifâ'. Aṭ-Ṭabî'îyât 8: Al-Hayawân.

Edd. ʿAbdalhalîm Muntasir, Saʿîd Zâyid, ʿAbdallah Ismâʾîl. Preface by Ibrâhîm Madhkur. Cairo.

Jones, W. 1790. "On the Indian Game of Chess"., Asiatic Researches, London 1790, 159-65.

K.ash-Shaṭranj. 1986. Kitâb ash-shaṭranj mimmd allafahu l-'Adlî wa-s-Sûlî wa-ghayruhumâ (Book on Chess: Kitâb al-Shatranj. Seleted (sic) texts from al-ʿAdlî, Abu Bakr al-Sûlî and others). Frankfurt a/M. Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science. Ed. F. Sezgin. Series C: Facsimile Editions. Vol. 34. (Facsimile edition of MS. Süleymaniye Library, Lala Ismail Collection 560/1, 2, ff. 1a-133a).

Koningsveld, P. Sj. 1976. The Latin-Arabic Glossary of the Leiden University Library. Diss. Leiden.

Kruk, Remke. 1999. "On Animals: excerpts of Aristotle and Ibn Sina in Marwazi's Tabâ'iʿ al-ḥayawân." In: Carlos Steel et al., (eds.), Aristotle's Animals in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Leuven 1999, 91-120.

Lévi-Provencal, C. 1950-67. Histoire de l'Espagne musumane. 3 vols. Paris/Leiden.

MacDonell, A.A. 1898. "The origin and early history of chess". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 30, 1898, pp. 117-48.

al-Marwazi, Sharaf az-Zamân. Kitâb Tabāʾiʿal-Hayawân. MS UCLA Ar. 52. See A.Z. Iskandar, A descriptive list of Arabic manuscripts on medicine and science at the University of California. Los Angeles, Leiden 1984, pp. 75-6.

al-Masʿûdî. 1861-77. C. Barbier de Meynard et Pavet de Courteille (eds. and tr.), Macoudi, Les Prairies d'Or. 9 vols. Paris.

al-Mas'ûdî. 1966-70. Murûj adh-dhahab wa-ma 'âdin al-jawâhir. Ed. Ch. Pellat. 3 vols. Beirut.

Murray, H.J.R. 1913. A History of Chess. Oxford.

Pastoureau, Michel. 1990. L'échiquier de Charlemagne: un jeu pour ne pas jouer. Paris.

Rosenthal, F. 1975. Gambling in Islam. Leiden.

Rosenthal, F. "Shatrandj". Encyclopaedia of Islam, new edition, Leiden 1960- . Vol. IX, 366--8.

Savenkof, E.V. 1905. Kvoprosu op evolutsie shakhmatnoi egry. Sravnêtelno-etnografêcheskiê ocherk. Ottesk ez 1xiv kn. Etnofrafech. Obozraniya. Moscow.

Vocabulista inArabico. 1871. Ed. C. Schiaparelli. Florence.

Wieber, Reinhard. 1972. Das Sehachspiel in der arabischen Literatur von den Anfängen bis zur zweiten Hälfte des 16. Jahrhunderts. Walldorf-Hessen: Verlag fur Orientkunde Dr. H. Vorndran. Beiträge zur Sprach-und Kulturgeschichte des Orients 22.

Wilcke, C. 1969. Das Lugalbanda-epos. Wiesbaden.

Wilkinson, C.K. 1968. Chess: East and West, Past and Present, a selection from the Gustavus A. Pfeiffer Collection Introd. by C.K. Wilkinson. Catalogue by J. McNab Dennis, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1968.

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