The Two-Rāwī Canon before and after ad-Dānī (d. 444/1052–3): The Role of Abū ṭ-Ṭayyib Ibn Ghalbūn (d. 389/998) and the Qayrawān/Andalus School in Creating the Two-Rāwī Canon

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The article discusses in detail the transmission of the seven eponymous Readings in ad-Dānī’s two Qirāʾāt works: at-Taysīr and Jāmiʿ al-bayān. Comparing the transmissions in both books shows that ad-Dānī’s classification of the Rāwīs, in terms of their number and identity, is different in both works. A timeline created for the Qirāʾāt works, so far available to us, before ad-Dānī shows that Abū ṭ-Ṭayyib Ibn Ghalbūn (d. 389/998) and his students from the Qayrawān school, might have been the first to instate the system of the fourteen riwāyas, which was canonized later on in at-Taysīr and ash-Shāṭibiyyah. A survey of the early Qirāʾāt works before and after ad-Dānī also shows that the mashriqī authors had not fully endorsed the two-Rāwī system and that they adopted a different classification of the Rāwīs, in terms of their number and identity.

The Two-Rāwī Canon before and after ad-Dānī (d. 444/1052–3): The Role of Abū ṭ-Ṭayyib Ibn Ghalbūn (d. 389/998) and the Qayrawān/Andalus School in Creating the Two-Rāwī Canon

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References

3

Cf. Ignác GoldziherDie Richtungen der Islamischen Koranauslegung (Leiden: Brill1920) 4–20; John Burton The Collection of the Qurʾān (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1977) 165–86.

17

Arthur JefferyThe Qurʾān as Scripture (New York: Russel F. Moore Company1952) 100; cf. Nasser Transmission 144–6.

19

Ibid.90.

20

Ibid.97.

24

Richard Bell and William Montgomery WattIntroduction to the Qurʾan (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press1991) 49; Leemhuis “Readings of the Qurʾān.”

27

Ad-DānīTaysīr18; ed. Ḥātim aḍ-Ḍāmin (Cairo: Maktabat at-tābiʿīn 2008) 126.

30

Ibid.2.

31

Ibid.4.

39

BergsträsserGdQ3:217.

47

Adh-DhahabīMaʿrifat al-qurrāʾ2:678.

Figures

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    Figure 1: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Ibn Kathīr in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 2: ad-Dānī’s transmission of the Reading of Ibn Kathīr through al-Bazzī in Jāmiʿ al-bayān

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    Figure 3: ad-Dānī’s transmission of the Reading of Ibn Kathīr through Qunbul in Jāmiʿ al-bayān

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    Figure 4: ad-Dānī’s transmission of the Reading of Ibn Kathīr through Ibn Fulayḥ in Jāmiʿ al-bayān

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    Figure 5: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Nāfiʿ in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 6: Ad-Dānī’s transmission of the Reading of Abū ʿAmr b. al-ʿAlāʾ in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 7: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Abū ʿAmr b. al-ʿAlāʾ through al-Yazīdī in Jāmiʿ al-bayān

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    Figure 8: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Abū ʿAmr b. al-ʿAlāʾ trough Shujāʿ b. Abī Naṣr in Jāmiʿ al-bayān

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    Figure 9: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Ibn ʿĀmir in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 10: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of ʿĀṣim in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 11: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of Ḥamzah in at-Taysīr

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    Figure 12: ad-Dānī’s isnād of the Reading of al-Kisāʾī in at-Taysīr

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