Subjectivity in Translation: Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq’s Ninth-Century Interpretation of Galen’s “Ego” in His Commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms

in Oriens
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This article provides a quantitative analysis of Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq’s ninth-century translation of Galen’s Commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms. It focuses in particular on the use of first person forms in both source and target texts. The present study categorises these forms into five semantic groups; namely (a) the personal expression of stance, (b) endophoric reference, (c) frame marking, (d) the expression of personal experience and (e) the impersonal expression of intersubjectivity. By employing these categories, the author shows that while Ḥunayn increases the use of personal forms in his translation, he does this to highlight the subjectivity of Galen’s text or enliven the translation, without making the text more subjective.

Subjectivity in Translation: Ḥunayn Ibn Isḥāq’s Ninth-Century Interpretation of Galen’s “Ego” in His Commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms

in Oriens

Sections

References

2

For example see Nigel Harwood“ ‘Nowhere has Anyone Attempted … In this Article I Aim to Do Just That’, a Corpus-based Study of Self-promotional I and We in Academic Writing Across Four Disciplines,” Journal of Pragmatics 37 (2005): 1207–31. Iliana A. Martínez “Native and Non-Native Writers’ Use of First Person Pronouns in the Different Sections of Biology Research Articles in English” Journal of Second Language Writing 14 (2005): 174–90. Ken Hyland “Authority and Invisibility: Authorial Identity in Academic Writing” Journal of Pragmatics 34 (2002): 1091–112. Chih-Hua Kuo “The Use of Personal Pronouns: Role Relationships in Scientific Journal Articles” English for Specific Purposes 18 (1990): 121–38. Christine Webb “The Use of the First Person in Academic Writing: Objectivity Language and Gatekeeping” Journal of Advanced Nursing 17 (1992): 747–52.

3

Douglas Biber“Historical Patterns for the Grammatical Marking of Stance: A Cross-Register Comparison,” Journal of Historical Pragmatics 5 (2004): 107–36.

4

Susan Fitzmaurice“The grammar of stance in early eighteenth-century English epistolary language,” in Corpus Analysis: Language Structure and Language Useeds. Charles Meyer and Pepi Leistyna. Amsterdam: Rodopi 2003 107–32.

5

Irma Taavitsainen“Subjectivity as a Text-type Marker in Historical Stylistics,” Language and Literature 3 (1994): 197–212.

9

Petit“Galien et le discours” 59.

12

Adam Kilgarriff et al.“The Sketch Engine: Ten Years On,” Lexicography 1 (2014): 1–30. Sketchengine last accessed 4 January 2017 http://www.sketchengine.co.uk.

14

Edward Finegan“Subjectivity and Subjectivisation: an Introduction,” in Subjectivity and Subjectivisation: Linguistic Perspectiveseds. Dieter Stein and Susan Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005) 1–16. Taavistainen “Subjectivity as a Text-type Marker”.

15

Benveniste“Subjectivity in Language” 224.

17

Ibid.226.

18

Finegan“Subjectivity and Subjectivisation” 1.

19

Taavitsainen“Subjectivity as a Text-type Marker” 198.

21

Fitzmaurizce“The Grammar of Stance” 428.

22

Jean E. Fox Tree and Josef C. Schrock“Basic Meanings of you know and I mean,” Journal of Pragmatics 34 (2002): 727–47.

23

Taavistainen“Subjectivity as a Text-type Marker” 202.

24

Douglas Biber and Edward Finegan“Styles of Stance in English: Lexical and Grammatical Marking of Evidentiality and Affect,” Text 9 (1989): 93–12494.

25

Ken Hyland“Persuasion and Context: The Pragmatics of Academic Metadiscourse,” Journal of Pragmatics 30 (1998): 437–55442.

26

Taavistainen“Subjectivity as a Text-type Marker” 205.

35

Ibid.358.

37

Ibid.350.

40

Ibid.424.

45

Ibid.378.

47

Ibid.645.

49

Ibid.798.

51

Ibid.352.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 15 15 11
Full Text Views 12 12 12
PDF Downloads 7 7 7
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0