Two Hitherto Little-Studied Turkish Translations by Wojciech Bobowski alias Albertus Bobovius

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  • 1 Leiden University

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In this contribution, I will discuss two Turkish translations made by the famous Ottoman court official, Wojciech Bobowski, alias Albertus Bobovius (d. ca. 1677 CE). One is his translation of the Anglican Catechism (1654), the other his version of the Ianua linguarum by Johannes Amos Comenius (Komenský, 1592–1670), the Czech philosopher, pedagogue and theologian (1658). Both texts have only survived as manuscripts and neither has been studied in any depth before. I will present the texts, as well as their historical backgrounds, and shed some new light on the life of the translator as well.

  • 32

    Walter Haddon (ed.), Liber Precum Publicarum (London: Reginald Wolfe, 1560) was reprinted in 1847 by the Parker Society, ed. William Keatinge Clay. The latter appears as 87:32 in David Griffiths’ Bibliography of the Book of Common Prayer; the original text from which the reprint was taken is 87:3.

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  • 37

    Neudecker, “From Istanbul to London?,” 182.

  • 39

    Nabil Matar, Islam in Britain (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 142–3.

  • 44

    E.C. Ratcliff, The Booke of Common Prayer. Its making and revisions, 1549–1661 (London: Societatis pro Christiana fide propaganda, 1949), 93.

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  • 54

    Murphy, Comenius, 79; DidaktikaX; Veškeré spisy J.A. KomenskéhoIV, 124 (quoted from Blekastad, Comenius, 172–3).

  • 59

    Blochet, Catalogue des manuscrits Turcs, 89–90.

  • 61

    Annie Berthier, “À l’ origine de l’ étude de la langue Turque en France. Liste des grammaires et dictionnaires manuscrits du fonds Turc de la Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris,” in Mélanges offerts à Louis Bazin par ses disciples, collègues et amis, edited by Jean-Louis Bacqué-Grammont et Rémy Dor et alii (Varia Turcica 19, 1992), 77–82, at 81.

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  • 62

    Şükrü Elçin, Ali Ufkî hayatı, eserleri ve Mecmûa-i sâz ü söz: tıpkıbasım (İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlıǧı, 1976), xii and xiv; Cem Behar, “Ali Ufki’nin bilinmeyen bir musiki elyazması mezmurlar,” Tarih ve toplum, 8 (1987), 300–3, at 301.

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  • 63

    Murphy, Comenius, 17.

  • 66

    Young, Comenius in England, 48–9.

  • 68

    Murphy, Comenius, 29.

  • 69

    M.E.H.N. Mout, “Calvinoturcisme in de zeventiende eeuw. Comenius, Leidse orientalisten en de Turkse bijbel,” Tijdschrift voor geschiedenis 91 (1978), 576–607; B. Flemming, “Zwei türkische Bibelhandschriften in Leiden als mittelosmanische Sprachdenkmäler,” WZKM 76 (1986), 111–8; Neudecker, The Turkish Bible; Alastair Hamilton, “Seaman, William (1606/7–1680),” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2009 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/24986, accessed 8 Aug 2016]; Schmidt, Catalogue, i, 84–92, 416–22, 435–7; ii, 267–8; iv, 12–27; cf. also note 3.

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  • 71

    Matar, Islam in Britain, 143; P.M. Holt, Studies in the history of the Near East (London: Frank Cass, 1973), 20; A. Hamilton, William Bedwell, the Arabist. 1563–1632 (Leiden: Brill and Leiden University Press, 1985), 95; G.J. Toomer, “Edward Pococke’s Arabic Translation of Grotius’ De Veritate,” Grotiana 33 (2012): 88–105, at 88–94; G.J. Toomer, “Pococke, Edward (1604–1691),” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/22430, accessed 11 Aug 2016]; G.J. Toomer, Eastern wisedome and learning. The study of Arabic in seventeenth-century England (Oxford: Clarendon Press and New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), 146, 216–7.

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  • 72

    Matar, Islam in Britain, 142–3; Holt, Studies in the Near East, 20; Alastair Hamilton, “Wlliam Seaman”; Toomer, Eastern wisedome, 282.

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  • 74

    Holt, Studies, 21; Hamilton, William Bedwell, the Arabist, 95; Toomer, Eastern wisedome, 218.

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