This introduction was written in July2014. See Migration Policy Center dedicated Website http://goo.gl/InJkEA accessed 3 October 2014.
In May2008Lebanon witnessed an open conflict between the Shiite community led by Hizbullah and the army for the first time since the end of the civil war. The pretext for the conflict was the removal of some heads of Shiite intelligence in key sectors of the Ḥizb Allāh party which sparked the immediate reaction of the latter with consequent urban guerrilla warfare that spread into the streets of the Lebanese capital. After difficult mediation the parties found a new confessional compromise the al-Dūḥah Agreement (21 May 2008). The compromise unlocked the impasse that had by then lasted for months leading to the election of a new president of the Republic Michel Sulaymān on 23 May 2008 the revision of the electoral law (approved in September) and the launch of a new economic policy (Di Peri 2009).