This essay aims to describe the Egyptian university movement from the birth of University in Egypt (1908) until the end of Nasser period (1970). A particular focus is provided on the political and social role that students’ opposition movements assumed during all the national events, both in the liberal-monarchic age and under the Nasser presidency. A special attention has been payed to the evolution of Islamic student organizations inside Egyptian universities.
The ultimate goal is to stress, with an historical perspective, the relations between the history of universities and students movements as a part of the past and recent history of Egypt. The analysis of the history of thought, the progressive evolution of civil society, the complex articulation of political discourse, the authoritarian and repressive regimes, the censorship, is relevant to better understand the actual political Egyptian context.
ManduchiP.“Movimenti studenteschi e opposizione politica in Egitto”Voci del dissenso. Movimenti studenteschi opposizione politica e processi di democratizzazione in Asia e in Africa2011BolognaI libri di Emil(a cura di P. Manduchi)
In1867the Ottoman Sultan ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz granted this title to Ismāʿīl the Pāšā of Egypt and it was used by his successors until the advent of the British protectorate in 1914. The last khedivè of Egypt was ʿAbbās Ḥilmī Pāšā (1892-1914).