A lively dialogue on pneumatology took place in JPT 4 (April 1994) be tween Jürgen Moltmann and Pentecostal scholars. I want to return to this dialogue and examine two of the key differences in understanding, suggest ing that Pentecostals focus on the 'particular' and the 'transcendent' whereas Moltmann emphasizes the 'universal' and the 'immanent'. These differences are of significant importance in the theology and practice of mission. Although both Moltmann and Pentecostals share a desire for mission to be holistic and experiential, they differ over the means of mission and charac teristics of mission. In some ways this difference reflects the wider differ ence between ecumenical and evangelical theologies of mission. Building on the dialogue, I want to suggest the outline of a way beyond these differences by suggesting a pneumatological framework for mission. This framework grounds mission in movements of the Holy Spirit and is suggestive of a new way forward in the theology of mission.