This article offers a historical argument that a cultural program existed among the Sanctified churches in the first half of the twentieth century. This cultural program cultivated a distinct form of black consciousness around three elements: 1) a rehabilitation of slave religion; 2) an embrace of Ethiopianism as a global vision of pan-Africanism; and 3) an effort at Black uplift through education. One can detect features of this consciousness among important figures like Charles H. Mason, Charles Price Jones, Blind Willie Johnson, and Mother Rosa Horn. With it’s distinctive fusion of Pentecostal ecstasy and Wesleyan holiness with the concerns of Sanctified churches, this cultural consciousness must be placed alongside other visions offered by persons such as W.E.B. Dubois as seeking to advance a theology addressing the concerns of the Black Church.
Charles H. Mason‘Tennessee Evangelist Witnesses’Apostolic Faith1.6 (February–March 1907) p. 7. Mason repeats this part of his testimony in a longer account. See ‘Elder Mason Tells of Receiving the Holy Ghost’ in Alexander (ed.) Black Fire Reader pp. 77–79.
Dale T. Irwin‘Charles Price Jones: Image of Holiness’ in Portraits of a Generation: Early Pentecostal Leaders(ed. James R. Goff and Grant Wacker; Fayetteville ar: University of Arkansas Press 2002) p. 48–49.