The Word to the World: Johannine Trinitarian Missiology (John 20.21–22)

In: Journal of Pentecostal Theology

This paper will read Jn 20.21–22 as a missional text of Johannine Trinitarian Missiology. It will argue that mission is proper first to the being and the act of the Trinity, and secondarily a concept in the church—the witness of the Trinity. The aim of this paper is threefold. First, it will explore the nature of the Trinity as a missionary God who sent the Son/incarnate Word and the Spirit/the cosmic Breath into the world. Secondly, it will examine how Christ as the Word and witness of the Father moves from the sent to the caller and sender of apostles into the world through the power of the Spirit. Third, seeing the world as the scope of the mission of Christ and apostles, this paper will study Christ’s boundary-crossing mission of incarnation and reconciliation as a model of the Church’s boundary-crossing mission witness in a pluralistic and Spirit-present world.

  • 5

    Lessie NewbiginThe Relevance of Trinitarian Doctrine for Today’s Mission (Council for World Mission and Evangelism Study pamphlet # 2; London: Edinburgh Housing1963) p. 3.

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  • 6

    Michael W. GoheenAs The Father Has Sent Me So I Am Sending You: J.E. Lesslie Newbigin’s Missionary Ecclesiology (Zoetermer: Uitgeverij Boekencentrum2000).

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  • 8

    BoschTransforming Mission pp. 398–402.

  • 9

    KostenbergerSalvation to the Ends of the Earth pp. 203–204.

  • 10

    KostenbergerSalvation to the Ends of the Earth p. 203.

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    Craig S. Keener‘Sent Like Jesus: Johannine Missiology (John 20:21–22)’ in Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies 21.1 (2009) pp. 21–45 (24).

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  • 15

     See George F. VicedomMissio Dei: Einfuhrung in eine Theologie der Mission (Munich: Chr. Kaiser Verlag1958) pp. 12–13. Vicedom is the first to coin the term missio Dei which implies that God is primary the originator sender and accomplisher of mission. Missio ecclesio is secondary.

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  • 16

     See TennentWorld Missions p. 75.

  • 18

     See VicedomMissio Dei pp. 12–13.

  • 20

    Stephen R. Holmes‘Trinitarian Missiology: Towards A Theology of God a Missionary’ in International Journal of Systematic Theology 8.1 (2006) pp. 72–90.

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  • 21

    Holmes‘Trinitarian Missiology’ p. 79.

  • 26

    MoltmannThe Spirit of Life pp. 71–73.

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    YongThe Missiological Spirit pp. 185–87.

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    YongThe Missiological Spirit pp. 185–87.

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    MoltmannThe Spirit of Life pp. 71–73.

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    Moltmann‘God in the World—The World in God’ pp. 372–73.

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    Moltmann‘God in the World—The World in God’ p. 373.

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    Moltmann‘God in the World—The World in God’ p. 373.

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     I drew the idea by BarthChurch Dogmatics pp. 94–144.

  • 37

    TennentInvitation to World Missions p. 80.

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     Quoted in TennentInvitation to World Missions p. 80.

  • 39

    TennentInvitation to World Missions p. 82.

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    KostenbergerThe Missions of Jesus & The Disciples pp. 56–61. Because of John’s statement in Jn 20.30–31 apostolic faith in Christ is based on signs.

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  • 45

    KostenbergerThe Missions of Jesus & The Disciples p. 57.

  • 46

    KostenbergerThe Missions of Jesus & The Disciples pp. 30–41. See also H.N. Ridderbos The Gospel of John (Grand Rapids mi: Eerdmans 1992) p. 500.

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  • 47

    KostenbergerThe Missions of Jesus & The Disciples pp. 121–26.

  • 48

    KeenerThe Gospel of John p. 1203.

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    Keener‘Sent Like Jesus’ p. 30.

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    Joseph Kallarangatt‘Johanine Understanding of Mission’ in Third Millennium 2.4. (1999) pp. 49–58.

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    KostenbergerThe Missions of Christ and Disciples p. 108.

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    KostenbergerThe Missions of Jesus & The Disciples p. 74.

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    KeenerThe Gospel of John p. 1204.

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    MoltmannThe Spirit of Life p. 302.

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    VolfThe Church as the Image of the Trinity p. 80.

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    Moltmann‘God in the World—the World in God’ p. 373.

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    KäsemannTestament of Jesus p. 237. Kostenberger The Missions of Jesus and the Disciples pp. 133–39. See also Erickson God in Three Persons pp. 203–205.

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  • 63

    Keener‘The Gospel of John’ p. 1204.

  • 64

     Quoted in BoschTransforming Mission p. 549. See Johannes Blauw The Missionary Nature of the Church: A Survey of the Biblical Theology of Mission (New York: McGraw Hill 1962).

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  • 65

    Coorilos‘Mission as Liturgy Before Liturgy and as Contestation’ p. 175.

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     Quoted in TennentInvitation to World Missions p. 75.

  • 70

    KeenerThe Gospel of John p. 1204. See also James D.G. Dunn ‘The Spirit: ntnidnttiii 693–707.

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    Phan‘Crossing the Borders’ pp. 16–17.

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    Lalsangkima Pachuau‘Missiology in a Pluralistic World: The Place of Mission Study in Theological Education’ in International Review of Mission 89/355 (October 2000) pp. 539–55 (540).

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  • 75

    Phan‘Crossing the Borders’ pp. 14–15.

  • 77

    Volf‘Johanine Dualism’ p. 24.

  • 78

    Volf‘Johanine Dualism’ p. 19.

  • 81

    LeeThe Trinity in Asian Perspective p. 30.

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    TennentInvitation to World Missions p. 78.

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    YongThe Missiological Spirit p. 214.

  • 84

    YongThe Missiological Spirit pp. 214–15.

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    KeenerThe Gospel of John p. 585.

  • 86

    TennentInvitation to World Missions pp. 82–83.

  • 88

    Phan‘Crossing the Borders’ p. 44.

  • 96

    BoschTransforming Mission p. 555.

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    WallsThe Missionary Movement in Christian History p. 54.

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     For example see Dana L. RobertChristian Mission: How Christianity Became A World ­Religion (Chichester: Blackwell2009) p. 1.

  • 99

    BoschTransforming Mission p. 400.

  • 101

    NewbiginThe Open Secret pp. 30–65.

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