In this essay, the area of Hitec City in Hyderabad, India, is analysed through the metaphor of “layered” spaces, in the context of global flows, particularly grobalization—the imperialistic imposition by nation-states and organizations on various geographic areas, involving the transnational expansion of common codes and practices. A layered space refers to multiple layers of actors who share the same space, although not all of them are equally prioritized in its conceptualization. Through a theoretically informed reading of Hitec City, this study highlights spatial polarization in the landscape, where certain actors, the global non-persons, are rendered as invisible as possible, so that they do not interfere with a specific global image, the grobal-as-spectacle, projected through the medium of the landscape. This study draws heavily on the spatial form of Hitec City as a source of data. It is based on observation of this space through detailed mapping, as well as a descriptive analysis of the built forms in the area. While stratification and exclusion are not unique to globalization (or even to the process of grobalization), this study helps to examine particular forms that exclusion and stratification may take in the light of this process.
ChenMartha AlterCarrMarilyn“Globalization and the Informal Economy: How Global Trade and Investment Impact on the Working Poor.”Working Paper on the Informal Economy20021GenevaInternational Labour Organization
“IT&C Department—Land pricing policy for the lands offered to IT Companies in and around Hitec City—Recommendations of the Cabinet Sub-Committee constituted with specific terms of reference Orders—Issued.”2002Retrieved May 29 2009 at http://www.aponlin.gov.in/Quick%20Links/Departments/Information%20Technology%20and%20Communications/Govt-GOs-Acts/2002/Ms-7-2274-04-feb-2002.html
LeclercE.BourguignonC.DupontVSridharanN“Defining the Urban Fringe through Population Mobility: The Case of Madhapur and its Information Technology Park (HITEC CITY—HYDERABAD).”Peri-Urban Dynamics: Case Studies in Chennai Hyderabad and Mumbai CHS Occasional Paper No. 172006New DelhiCentre de Sciences Humaines http://www.csh-delhi.com/publications/downloads/ops/OP17.pdf
Benjamin (2002) theorized about “phantasmagoria” places that fulfil the dream of access to an endless array of goods and services just there for the taking.
Williams (1982) introduces the concept of “dreamworlds” places that invite consumers to live out their fantasies through purchasing goods.
Bhabha (2004) offers the concept of liminality as an in-between space which facilitates cultural hybridity. The concept was applied to urban space by Zukin (1991) in reference to an ambiguity that transcends the boundaries between global market and local place.