Levels of Subjective Globalization: Ideologies, Imaginaries, Ontologies

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



The subjective dimensions of globalization have not received even close to the level of attention that has been paid to the objective dimensions of global interchange and extension. Seeking to rectify this neglect, we argue that the subjective dimensions of globalization can be conceptualized in terms of three dimensions or levels: ideologies, imaginaries, and ontologies. The Occupy Movement in several global locations seeks to challenge global capitalism as the dominant system of economics. At the ideological level, activists connected to Occupy tend to engage in fierce contestation of the global structuring of greed, thus exhibiting clear signs of global rebellion. However, the terms of debate and critique tend to become increasingly uncontested as we go deeper into examining the dominant social imaginary and the ontologies of modern time and space that underpin this general sense of the global. Occupy is clearly an important variant of “justice globalism” that has inspired scores of young activists to protest against increasing inequality and the growing concentration of wealth in the hands of a tiny minority. Still, we suggest that this important alter-globalization movement often works within many of the same subjective frameworks and precepts as the market-globalist world that it criticizes.



AlbrowM. The Global Age: State and Society Beyond Modernity 1996 Cambridge Polity

AndersonB. Imagined Communities 1991 rev. ed. London Verso

BeckU. “The Cosmopolitan Condition: Why Methodological Nationalism Fails.” Theory, Culture & Society 2007 Vol. 24 No. 7-8 286 290

BlaneyD. L.InayatullahN. Savage Economics: Wealth, Poverty and the Temporal Walls of Capitalism 2010 London Routledge

BourdieuP. The Logic of Practice 1990 Cambridge Polity Press 53

CameronA.PalanR. The Imagined Economies of Globalization 2004 London Sage Publications

CancliniN. C. Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity 1995 Minneapolis University of Minnesota Press 9

CastoriadisC. The Imaginary Constitution of Society 1991 Cambridge Polity Press

CNN.com Retrieved April 23, 2009 (http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/07/24/obama.words/index.html)

CosgroveD. “Globalism and Tolerance in Early Modern Geography.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 2003 Vol. 93 No. 4 852 870

DelantyG. The Cosmopolitan Imagination: The Renewal of Critical Social Theory 2009 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 8

EagletonT. Ideology: An Introduction 1991 London Verso 195 197

EisenstadtS. N. Comparative Civilizations and Multiple Modernities 2003 2 vols Leiden and Boston Brill

EtzioniA. “The Emerging Global Normative Synthesis.” The Journal of Political Philosophy 2004 Vol. 12 No. 2 214 244

FisherM. S.DowneyG. Frontiers of Capital: Ethnographic Reflections on the New Economy 2006 Durham Duke University Press

FreedenM. Ideology and Political Theory 1996 Oxford Oxford University Press

FreedenM. Ideology: A Very Short Introduction 2003 Oxford Oxford University Press 54 55

GillG. “Landscape as Symbolic Form: Remembering Thick Place in Deep Time.” Critical Horizons 2002 3 2 177 199

GramsciA. HoareQuentinSmithGeoffrey Nowell Selections from the Prison Notebooks 1978 New York International Publishers

HalperS. The Beijing Consensus 2010 New York Basic Books

Holland Herald 2002 May

International Labour Organization ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization ILO Geneva 2008 5

JacquesMartin When China Rules the World 2009 New York The Penguin Press

JamesP. W. Globalism, Nationalism, Tribalism 2006 London Sage Publications

JuergensmeyerM. Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State, From Christian Militias to Al Qaeda 2008 Berkeley University of California Press 20

LefortC. The Political Forms of Modern Society 1986 Cambridge Polity Press 197

LevisonM. The Box: How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger 2006 Princeton Princeton University Press

MerkelAngela Statement on the German armed forces mission in Afghanistan delivered in the German parliament on Thursday, April 22, 2010 Retrieved July 11, 2012. (http://www.nato.diplo.de/contentblob/. . ./RegErklBKin220410_eng.pdf)

NairnT.JamesP. The Global Matrix: Nationalism, Globalism, and State Terrorism 2005 London Pluto

Nederveen PieterseJ. Globalization and Culture: A Global Melange 2009 Lanham, MD Rowman & Littlefield

ObamaB. “Renewing American Competitiveness” speech in Flint, Michigan. June 16, 2008 Retrieved June 7, 2009. (http://www.asksam.com/ebooks/releases.asp?file=Obama-Speeches.ask)

Oxford English Dictionary project “English Corpus.” Australian, June 23, 2006

RavenP. H. “Science, Sustainability, and the Human Prospect.” Science 2002 Vol. 297 No. 5583 954 958

RobertsonR. Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture 1992 London Sage

RobertsonR. “Differentiational reductionism and the Missing Link in Albert’s Approach to Globalization Theory.” International Political Sociology 2009 3 1 121

SassenS. Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages 2006 Princeton Princeton University Press

SassenS. A Sociology of Globalization 2007 New York W. W. Norton

StegerM. B. The Rise of the Global Imaginary: Political Ideologies from the French Revolution to the Global War on Terror 2008 Oxford and New York Oxford University Press 44 57

StegerM. B. Globalisms: The Great Ideological Struggle of the 21st Century 2009 Lanham, MD Rowman & Littlefield

StegerM. B.GoodmanJ.WilsonE. K. Justice Globalism: Ideology, Crises, Policies 2013 London Sage

TaylorC. Modern Social Imaginaries 2004 Durham Duke University Press 23

ThackerE. The Global Genome 2005 Cambridge MIT Press

The Guardian 2012 May 11 Retrieved July 11, 2012. (http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/may/11/occupy-globalmay-manifesto)

USLiberals.com 2011 September 30 Retrieved July 11, 2012. (http://usliberals.about.com/od/socialsecurity/a/Declaration-Manifesto-Of-Occupy-Wall-Street-Movement.htm)

Where New York 2005 May


See Gill 2002:177-99 for a discussion of different dominant sensibilities of space in relation to Heidegger’s distinction between “world,” “earth,” and different ontologically-framed “worldviews.”


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 14
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0