Transistorized State: The Technique of Hegemony in the Early Cold War

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
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The history of the transistor contributes to reassessments of the origins of us hegemony in the 1940s and 1950s. Areas of conflict emerged between us capital and the American state during the World War ii and in the immediate postwar years. Because the transistor evolved as a direct consequence of state investment during these years, the transistor’s history illuminates tensions over military spending and defense production, and the ways in which mncs, academia, and the state overcame tension in the establishment of hegemony.

Transistorized State: The Technique of Hegemony in the Early Cold War

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

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17

Nevertheless as late as 1960the military and other government-funded customers purchased half of all transistors manufactured in the United States (Todd 1988).

18

Eisenhower 1961. “The free university” he also noted “historically the fountainhead of free and scientific discovery has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research. Partly because of the huge costs involved a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity.”

19

(Bower 1959:32). The article became a source for derision in the official Soviet newspaper Pravda.

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