Transistorized State: The Technique of Hegemony in the Early Cold War

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The history of the transistor contributes to reassessments of the origins of us hegemony in the 1940s and 1950s. Areas of conflict emerged between us capital and the American state during the World War ii and in the immediate postwar years. Because the transistor evolved as a direct consequence of state investment during these years, the transistor’s history illuminates tensions over military spending and defense production, and the ways in which mncs, academia, and the state overcame tension in the establishment of hegemony.

Transistorized State: The Technique of Hegemony in the Early Cold War

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology


BrackettFrederick S. The Present State of Physics 1954 Washington DC American Association for the Advancement of Science

BridgesH. E.BiondiF. J. Transistor Technology. 1958 Princeton, New Jersey Bell Telephone Laboratory Series

BowerCasper M. “What If Peace Breaks Out?” Electronics 1959 June 5 32 37

ChoiHyungsubModyCyrus C. M. “The Long History of Molecular Electronics.” Social Studies of Science 2009 39 no. 115 doi: 10.1177/0306312708097288.

LevinRichard C. NelsonRichard R “The Semiconductor Industry.” Government and Technical Progress: A Cross-Industry Analysis 1982 New York Pergamon Press 9 100 New York University Graduate School of Business Administration Center for Science and Technology Policy

EisenhowerDwight D. “Military-Industrial Complex Speech, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1961.” Public Papers of the Presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower 1960 1961 Michigan State University 1035 1040 (

LotchinRoger Fortress California 1910-1961: From Warfare to Welfare. 1992 Champagne University of Illinois Press

MarkusenAnn The Rise of the Gunbelt: The Military Remapping of Industrial America 1991 New York Oxford University Press

MclauchlanGregoryHooksGregory “Last of the Dinosaurs?” The Sociological Quarterly 1995 September

MisaThomas J. SmithMerritt Roe “Military Needs, Commercial Realities, and the Development of the Transistor, 1948-1958.” Military Enterprise and Technological Change: Perspectives on the American Experience 1985 Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press 254 287

MortonJ. A. “Present Status of Transistor Development.” Bell System Technical Journal 1952 May

NobleDavid F. Forces of Production: A Social History of Industrial Automation 1984 1st ed. New York Knopf

PanitchLeoGindinSam The Making of Global Captilaism: The Political Economy of American Empire. 2012 New York Verso

Phillips-FeinKim Invisible Hands: The Businessmen’s Crusade Against the New Deal 2009 New York W. W. Norton

RiordanMichaelHoddesonLillian Crystal Fire: The Birth of the Information Age 1997 New York W. W. Norton

SheaRichard F. Principles of Transistor Circuits 1953 New York John Wiley and Sons

ShockleyWilliam Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors: With applications to transistor Electronics. 1950 New York D. Van Norstrand

SnyderSamuel S. “Influence of u.s. Cryptologic Organizations on the Digital Computer Industry.” Cryptologic Spectrum 1977-78 Vol. 7 No. 4 Vol. 8 No. 2

ToddDaniel Defence Industries: A Global Perspective. 1988 New York Routledge

WeartSpencer R. “The Solid Community,” Out of the Crystal Maze: Chapters from the History of Sold-State Physics. 1992 New York Oxford University Press

WhiteMarsh W. Practical Physics 1943 New York McGraw-Hill


Nevertheless as late as 1960the military and other government-funded customers purchased half of all transistors manufactured in the United States (Todd 1988).


Eisenhower 1961. “The free university” he also noted “historically the fountainhead of free and scientific discovery has experienced a revolution in the conduct of research. Partly because of the huge costs involved a government contract becomes virtually a substitute for intellectual curiosity.”


(Bower 1959:32). The article became a source for derision in the official Soviet newspaper Pravda.


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 10 10 5
Full Text Views 90 90 71
PDF Downloads 5 5 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0