Modernity From Below: The Amalgamated Oriental Carpet Manufacturers, Ltd. of Izmir, 1907-1922

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Turkish carpet making and marketing, a rapidly expanding niche in the world market in the latter 19th and early 20th centuries, offers an excellent case study for modernity in a major Ottoman provincial urban center such as Izmir and its hinterland in western Anatolia. Representative of the changes that the city’s economy was undergoing was the Amalgamated Oriental Carpet Manufacturers Limited (ocm), which included multiethnic and multiconfessional actors similar to the city’s business sector and general population, as well as dual nodes of administration in London and Izmir. This case study of ocm (and of its emulators) reveals the degree of modernity that Izmir’s business circles were capable of at the turn of the century, and their ability to put together a trust and strategize accordingly along similar lines as the trusts in Europe or the us.

Modernity From Below: The Amalgamated Oriental Carpet Manufacturers, Ltd. of Izmir, 1907-1922

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

References

BaerMarc “Globalization, Cosmopolitanism, and the Dönme in Ottoman Salonica and Turkish Istanbul” Journal of World History 2007 18 2 141 170

BerberEngin Sancılı yıllar: İzmir 1918-1922. Mütareke ve Yunan işgalı dőneminde İzmir sancağı 1997 Ankara Ayraç Yayınevi

BeyruRauf 19. Yüzyılda İzmir’de Yaşam 2000 Istanbul Literatür Yayıncılık passim.

Consular Correspondence located in the British National Archives in Kew Gardens London ekocm Limited Private Papers London Correspondence A.A.1 J Baker London May 5 1908 to ocm ho Izmir.

Economic Reports within the Parliamentary Papers series Account & Papers consulted in the University of London Library Collections.

ekocm pp BakerJ. London 5 May 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London December 24 1907 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London January 23 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London 13 Feb. 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London February 13 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London 7 May 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London 15 May 1908 to Bentov London.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm From East to West . . . 10 15 London 15 May 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp BakerJ. ocm London May 2 1908 to A. Alliotti General Manager ocm Izmir.

ekocm pp ocm Ltd. Annual Balance Sheet for 1907-08

Frangakis-SyrettElena The Commerce of Smyrna in the Eighteenth Century 1700-1820 1992 Athens 119 137 for an enlarged and updated version see the Turkish translation 18. Yüzyılda İzmir’de Ticaret (Izmir İzmir Bűyűkşehir Belediyesi Kent Kitaplığı 2006).

Frangakis-SyrettElena “Banking in Izmir in the early twentieth century” Mediterranean Historical Review 2009 Dec 24 2 115 131

Frangakis-SyrettElena “Early Development of the Modern Banking Sector in the Ottoman Empire: the Bank of Smyrna/ İzmir Bankası, 1842-43” 2012 May 28 talk in ifea Istanbul

Frangakis-SyrettElena “British Economic Activities in Izmir in the Second Half of the Nineteenth and in the Early Twentieth Centuries” New Perspectives on Turkey 1991 Fall 5-6 192 210 213

Frangakis-SyrettElena “The making of an Ottoman port: the quay of Izmir in the nineteenth century” The Journal of Transport History 2001 March 22 1 23 46

Frangakis-SyrettElena “Development and Modernization in the Banking Sector of Izmir in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries” unpublished paper delivered at the Faculty Seminar Series in the Economics Department of the Izmir University of Economics Izmir November 15 2012.

From East to West: Textiles from G.P. & J. Baker 1984 London G.P. & J. Baker Ltd. 15

GeorgelinHervé La fin de Smyrne. Du cosmopolitanisme aux nationalismes 2005 Paris CRNS 201 224

Guildhall Library London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1910-1911

Guildhall Library London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1910-1911. (ogm March 28 1911)

Guildhall Library London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1910-1911. (ogm March 28 1911)

Guildhall Library London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1912-1913 (ogm June 21 1913)

Guildhall Library OGM London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1920-1921 (ogm July 27 1921)

Guildhall Library OGM London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1920-1921 (ogm July 27 1921)

Guildhall Library London Stock Exchange Report Books Yearbook for 1922-1923 (ogm August 14 1923)

HortonGeorge Report on Turkey. USA Consular Documents 1985 Athens The Journalists’ Union of the Athens Daily Newspapers

KasabaReşat “Greek and Turkish Nationalism in Formation. Western Anatolia, 1919-1922” (Working Papers European University Institute Florence 2002).

KurmuşOrhan “The Role of British Capital in the Economic Development of Western Anatolia, 1850-1913” 1974 97 117 Ph.D. thesis University of London

KurmuşOrhan Emperyalizmin Türkiye’ye Giriş 1982 Ankara Yordam Kitap

Kurmuş “The Role of British Capital . . .” 183 184

MicklewrightNancy “London, Paris, Istanbul and Cairo, Fashion and International Trade in the Nineteenth Century” New Perspectives on Turkey 1992 Spring 7 125 136

MillsAmy “The Place of Locality for Identity in the Nation: Minority Narratives of Cosmopolitan Istanbul” International Journal of Middle East Studies 2008 40 383 401

GöçekFatma Müge Rise of the Bourgeoisie Demise of Empire 1996 NY OUP 20 43

ocm’s balance sheets which can be found in the Guildhall Library London.

OwenRoger The Middle East in the World Economy 1800-1914 1981 London Methuen 212

Parliamentary Papers Accounts & Papers 1904 CI London HM Stationary Office 7 Report on Smyrna for 1903

PP A&P 1908 CXVI 10 11 Report on Smyrna for 1907

PP A&P 1912-13 C 11 13 Report on Smyrna for 1912

PP A&P 1912-13 C 11 Report on Smyrna for 1912

PP A&P 1914 XCV 15 Report on Smyrna for 1913

Private Papers of the Amalgamated Oriental Carpet Manufacturers Limited (ocm).

QuataertDonald “Machine Breaking and the Changing Carpet Industry of Western Anatolia, 1860-1908” Journal of Social History 1986 Spring 19 3 476 478

SchmittOliver Jens Les Levantins 2007 Istanbul Isis Press passim.

SmyrnelisMarie-Carmen Une société hors de soi. Identités et relations sociales à Smyrne aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles 2005 Paris Peeters 98 136

SmyrnelisMarie-Carmen “L’incendie, la fin d’un modèle de vie” Smyrne la ville oubliee? 1830-1930 2006 Paris Autrement 196 204 idem ed.

SűrgevilSabri II. Meşrutiyet Döneminde İzmir 2009 Izmir İzmir Bűyűkşehir Belediyesi Kent Kitaplığı

SyfneouEvrithiki Еλληνες έμποροι στην Аζοφική 2009 Athens EIE Publishers

SyfneouEvrithiki Λέσβος 1996 Mytilene, Greece Trohalia

TNA BT31/19568 (110751).

TNA BT31/20465 (120209).

TNA BT31/19798 (113500) La Fontaine Bros. Ltd.

TNA FO 195/2360 Consul Barnham Izmir 7 Feb. & 12 April 1910 to Ambassador Lowther Istanbul.

TNA FO 195/2360 Consul Barnham Izmir 8 July 1910 to Ambassador Lowther Istanbul.

TNA FO 195/2331 Barnham Izmir 27 April 1909 to Lowther Istanbul; see also fo 195/2383 Barnham 28 Oct. 1911 to Lowther Istanbul.

TNA FO 195/2331 Barnham Izmir 1 Oct. 1910 to Lowther Istanbul.

TNA FO 195/2383 British Chamber of Commerce Izmir 12 December 1911 to Consul Barnham Izmir.

TratakisGeorge Η βιομηχανία εν Σμύρνη 1920 1994 Athens Trohalia Press

VeremisThanosKostisKostas Н Εθνική Τράπεζα στη Μικρά Ασία 1984 Athens National Bank of Greece Cultural Foundation Publications

YumulArusDikkayaFahri Avrupalı mı Levanten mi? 2006 Istanbul İstanbul Bağlam

Zandi-SayekSibel Ottoman Izmir. The Rise of a Cosmopolitan Port 1840-1880 2012 Minneapolis University of Minnesota Press 115 149

6

Elena Frangakis-SyrettThe Commerce of Smyrna in the Eighteenth Century 1700-1820 (Athens: Center for Asia Minor Studies1992) pp. 119-137; for an enlarged and updated version see the Turkish translation 18. Yüzyılda İzmir’de Ticaret (Izmir: İzmir Bűyűkşehir Belediyesi Kent Kıtaplığı 2006).

7

Elena Frangakis-Syrett“Banking in Izmir in the early twentieth century”Mediterranean Historical Reviewvol. 24/2 (Dec 2009) pp. 115-131.

10

Elena Frangakis-Syrett“The making of an Ottoman port: the quay of Izmir in the nineteenth century”The Journal of Transport Historyvol. 22/1 (March 2001) pp. 23-46.

14

Rauf Beyru19. Yüzyılda İzmir’de Yaşam (Istanbul: Literatür Yayıncılık2000) passim.

15

Elena Frangakis-Syrett“Development and Modernization in the Banking Sector of Izmir in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries”, unpublished paper delivered at the Faculty Seminar Series in the Economics Department of the Izmir University of Economics, Izmir, November, 15 2012; and Nancy Micklewright, “London, Paris, Istanbul and Cairo, Fashion and International Trade in the 19th century”New Perspectives on TurkeyNo 7 (Spring 1992) pp. 125-136.

32

Donald Quataert“Machine Breaking and the Changing Carpet Industry of Western Anatolia, 1860-1908”Journal of Social Historyvol. 19/3 (Spring 1986) pp. 476-478.

44

Thanos Veremis & Kostas KostisН Εθνική Τράπεζα στη Μικρά Ασία (Athens: National Bank of Greece Cultural Foundation Publications1984); see also George Tratakis Η βιομηχανία εν Σμύρνη 1920 (Athens: Trohalia Press 1994); Sabri Sűrgevil ii. Meşrutiyet Döneminde İzmir (Izmir: İzmir Bűyűkşehir Belediyesi Kent Kıtaplığı 2009).

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 4 4 3
Full Text Views 3 3 3
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0