Impact of Global Energy Resources Based on Energy Return on their Investment (eroi) Parameters

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


Human development has been based on the use of the energy resources, especially those of fossil origin (oil, gas, coal, etc.), which are not infinite and damage ecosystems; it is of paramount importance to make a transition to other alternative sources of energy. We compare and discuss many global sources of energy and their impact, based on the useful parameter called energy returned on energy invested or energy return on investment (eroi). In the long run we could expect renewed emphasis on enhanced (stimulated or hot dry rock) geothermal energy sources due to technological advances in deep drilling and the availability of this kind of energy 365 days per year and 24 hours of a day.

Impact of Global Energy Resources Based on Energy Return on their Investment (eroi) Parameters

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology



AugustineChad “A comparison of geothermal with oil and gas well drilling costs” Proceedings of the 31st Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering 2006 New York, New York Curran Associates Inc

bp British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy June 2015 64th Edition 2015 (

DaleMichaelKrumdieckSusanBodgerPat “A dynamic function for energy return on investment” Sustainability 2011 3 10 1972 1985

PatrickDéryAndersonBart “Peak phosphorus” Energy Bulletin 2007 13

HallCharles A.S. “The Energy Return of (Industrial) Solar—Passive Solar, pv, Wind and Hydro” Appendix G-2: Photovoltaics The Oil Drum 2008 (

HallCharles A.S.BaloghStephenMurphyDavidJr “What is the minimum eroi that a sustainable society must have?” Energies 2009 2 1 25 47

HallCharles A.S.LambertJessica G.BaloghStephen B. eroi of different fuels and the implications for Society” Energy Policy 2014 64 141 152

HansenJames “Game Over for the Climate” The New York Times 2012 Retrieved January 18 2014 (

iea “World Energy Outlook, 2006” 2006 International Energy Agency (iea) Head of Publications Service 9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15 France

MarchettiCesare “Society as a learning system: discovery, invention, and innovation cycles revisited” Technological forecasting and social change 1980 18 4 267 282

MarchettiCesare “Time Patterns for Technological Choice Options” International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (iiasa): Laxenburg Austria 1985

McLambEric “Fossil Fuels vs. Renewable Energy Resources” Ecology Global Network 2011

MontemayorJorge A.UgaldePablodel CastilloMarceloCruzFidel Energéticos y la supervivencia de la humanidad: última llamada (in Spanish) Energy resources and survival of humanity: Last Call 2015 Ed. Mexicanos Unidos

PimentelDavid “Energy use in agriculture: An overview” 1999 (

PimentelDavidGiampietroMario Food land population and the us economy 1994 Carrying Capacity Network (

Renewables Renewables 2014 Global Status Report 2014 (

resccm Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation resccm (Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2012) 2012 Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas New York ny 10013-2473 usa (


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 262 262 197
Full Text Views 98 98 56
PDF Downloads 12 12 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0