Technological advances are increasing interest in the potential role of information and communication technologies (ict) in enabling quality education outcomes in Africa. At present, however, the geographies of ict use in Africa is poorly understood, and ict education policy development has occurred in a relative empirical void. Relevant studies have largely been focused on wealthier African nations, largely neglecting poorer regions where education issues are most acute. This article works to address this lacuna. Drawing upon extensive fieldwork, it provides a detailed snapshot of ict use in education in the northern Sierra Leonean district of Koinadugu. We subsequently argue that a lack of access to electricity, along with limited numbers of qualified teaching staff, presents fundamental barriers for realizing ict use in classroom settings. Nevertheless, we also identify some promising trends with respect to the informal use of mobile Internet by teachers and students to augment learning in the classroom.
AderaEdith OfwonaTimothy M. WaemaJulianMayOpheliaMascarenhas and KathleenDiga (Eds). 2014. ICT Pathways to Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from East and Southern Africa. Rugby: Practical Action Publishing.
FortuneFranceCindyChungong and AndrewKessinger. 2011. “Community Radio, Gender,icts in Africa.”Search for Common Ground. (https://www.sfcg.org/programmes/rfpa/pdf/2012-Community-Radio-Gender-ICT_SFCG.pdf).
GustavssonMathias. 2007. “Educational benefits from solar technology—access to solar electric services and changes in children’s study routines, experiences from Eastern Province Zambia.”Energy Policy35(2):1292-1299.
International Energy Agency (iea). 2014. Africa Energy Outlook: A Focus on Energy Prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa. (https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEO2014_AfricaEnergyOutlook.pdf).
KemenyPrestonPaul G.MunroNicoleSchiavoneGregvan der Horst and SimonWillans. 2014. “Community Charging Stations in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Commercial Success, Positive Externalities, and Growing Supply Chains.”Energy for Sustainable Development23:228–236.
MayJulianTimothy M.Waema and EliseBjåstad. 2014. “The ICT/Poverty Nexus in Africa.” Pp. 1-32 in ICT Pathways to Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from East and Southern Africa. Edited by Edith OfwonaAderaTimothy M.WaemaJulianMayOpheliaMascarenhas and KathleenDiga. Rugby: Practical Action Publishing.
Ministry of Energy and Water Resources (mewr). 2009. National Energy Policy and Strategic Plan—Energy for Poverty Alleviation and Socio-Economic Development Part I: National Energy Policy. Freetown: Ministry of Energy and Water Resources. Government of Sierra Leone.
MooketsiBojelo E. and WallaceChigona. 2014. “Different shades of success: educator perception of government strategy on e-education in South Africa.”The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries64(8):1-15.
MuiangaXavierHenrikHanssonAndersNilssonAvelinoMondlaneInocenteMutimucuio and AlsoneGuambe. 2013. “ICT in education in Africa-myth or reality: A case study of Mozambican higher education institutions.”The African Journal of Information Systems5(3):106-117.
MunroPaulGregvan der HorstSimonWillansPrestonKemenyAmeChristiansen and NicoleSchiavone. 2016. “Social enterprise development and renewable energy dissemination in Africa: The experience of the community charging station model in Sierra Leone.”Progress in Development Studies16(1):24-38.
NchungeDavid MbabuMauriceSakwa and WaweruMwangi. 2012. “User’s perception on ICT adoption for education support in schools: A survey of secondary school teachers in Thika District, Kenya.”International Journal of Humanities and Social Science2(13):17–29.
PiperBenjaminEvelynJepkemeiDunstonKwayumba and KennedyKibukho. 2015. “Kenya’s ICT Policy in Practice: The Effectiveness of Tablets and E-Readers in Improving Student Outcomes.”Information and Communication Technology for Development2(1):3-18.
PorterGinaKateHampshireJamesMilnerAlisterMunthaliElsbethRobsonArianede LannoyAndisiweBangoNwabisaGunguluzaMacMashiriAugustineTanle and AlbertAbane. 2016. “Mobile Phones and Education in Sub‐Saharan Africa: From Youth Practice to Public Policy.”Journal of International Development28(1):22-39.
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (unesco). 2012. Turning on Mobile Learning in Africa and the Middle East: Illustrative Initiatives and Policy Implications. Retrieved on November 17 2016. (http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002163/216359E.pdf).
unesco Institute of Statistics. 2015. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Sub-Saharan Africa: A comparative analysis of basic e-readiness in schools. Retrieved November 14 2016. (http://www.uis.unesco.org/Communication/Documents/ICT-africa.pdf).
WangLianqinRamahatraRakotomalalaLauraGregory and PaulCichello. 2007. Education in Sierra Leone: present challenges future opportunities. Africa Human Development SeriesAfrica education country status report. Washington, DC: World Bank. (http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/618111468166474170/Education-in-Sierra-Leone-present-challenges-future-opportunities).
WillansSimonAméChristiansen and PaulMunro. 2011. “Emerging Forms of Entrepreneurship: For-Profit and Non-Profit Partnerships for the Dissemination of Solar Power into Rural Sub-Saharan Africa.”ICSB World Conference Proceedings. International Council for Small business (ICSB).
World Bank. 2010. Empowering Farmers in Sierra Leone’s Koinadugu District. Retrieved November 18 2016. (http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2010/10/20/empowering-farmers-in-sierra-leones-koinadugu-district).
World Bank. 2012. ICTs for Education in Africa. Retrieved on November 16 2016. (http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTINFORMATIONANDCOMMUNICATIONANDTECHNOLOGIES/Resources/282822-1346223280837/Education.pdf).
World Bank. 2016. ICT Competitiveness in Africa. Retrieved on November 12th 2016. (http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTINFORMATIONANDCOMMUNICATIONANDTECHNOLOGIES/Resources/282822-1346223280837/ICTCompetitiveness.pdf).