Food Production or Food Distribution: The Key to Global Food Security?

in Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Major world agencies have identified a serious contemporary food insecurity problem, and sound even louder alarms that by the year 2050 around one billion people will be “food insecure.” The solution proposed by the World Bank in a 2012 Report is that the world grow significantly more food. Eyes certainly are on the us to remediate this problem by growing more livestock. Is “more food” the answer? This study uses World Bank data and path/structural equation modeling to determine the veracity of this position versus another. It is counter argued that food distribution and waste prevent food from reaching substantial segments of the world’s population. That is, the poor and dependent are unable to gain access to food that is privateered by governance systems that permit rulers and the wealthy to access food, and set food prices at unreachable levels for the poorest of the poor and, sometimes, even the middle class. Further, wages are set below the level needed to purchase basic food stuffs. The reaction has been food riots in countries ranging from Venezuela to the Middle East countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Libya, and Egypt, among others.



Alexandratos, Nikos and Jelle Bruinsma. 2012. “World agriculture towards 2030/2050: The 2012 Revision.” esa Working paper No. 12-03. Rome, FAO.

Blalock Hubert M. 1979. Social Statistics, Revised 2nd Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Diamond, Jared. 1997. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W.W. Norton.

fao, ifad, wfp. 2014. The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition. Rome: FAO.

Flora, Cornelia Butler and Jan L. Flora. 2013. Rural Communities: Legacy and Change, 4th Edition. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Galtung, Johan. 1971. “A Structural Theory of Imperialism.” Journal of Peace Research 8(2):81-117.

Kick, Edward L., Laura A. McKinney, Steve McDonald, and Andrew Jorgenson. 2011. “A Multiple-Network Analysis of the World-System of Nations.” Pp. 311-328 in The Sage Handbook of Social Network Analysis. Edited by John Scott and Peter J. Carrington. London: Sage.

Parsons, Talcott. 1951. The Social System. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

Prebisch, Raúl. 1948 Acerca de los anteproyectos sobre Banco Central y bancos. Revista de hacienda 13:146-178.

Rostow, Walter W. 1960. The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. 2001. “Tropical Underdevelopment.” Working Paper 8119. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. and Andrew M. Warner. 1995. “Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth.” nber Working Paper No. 5398.

Snyder, David and Edward L. Kick. 1979. “Structural Position in the World System and Economic Growth, 1955-1970: A Multiple-Network Analysis of Transnational Interactions.” American Journal of Sociology 84(5):1096-1126.

Spencer, Herbert. 1851. Social Statics. London: Chapman.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press.

Worldwide Governance Indicators. 2014. (


  • Model of the causal antecedents of food security (daily protein consumption per capita).
    View in gallery


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 61 61 48
Full Text Views 21 21 21
PDF Downloads 7 7 7
EPUB Downloads 1 1 1