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Research Opportunities for Renewable Energy Electrification in Remote Areas of Costa Rica

In: Perspectives on Global Development and Technology
Authors:
Gustavo Richmond-Navarro Instituto Tecnólogico de Costa Rica

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Rolando Madriz-Vargas Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional Costa Rica

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Noel Ureña-Sandí Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica

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Fabian Barrientos-Johansson Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica

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Abstract

Most countries around the world are politically driven to move toward a low-carbon future by embracing renewable energy technologies for electricity generation. With abundance of renewable energy resources, Costa Rica produces over 95 percent of its electricity from hydro, geothermal, and wind power plants. Only one percent of its population live without electricity, mainly in remote territories where rural off-grid electrification is very challenging. The purpose of this research is to contribute to enhancing the opportunities to reach universal electricity access in Costa Rica by studying some cases. A comparison with the African situation is made in order to find common points of benefit and learning.

This article highlights that a greater level of engagement is needed from local leaders to develop efficient solutions in Costa Rica, and brings a relevant comparison with Africa’s energy needs as well.

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