As is long overdue, this paper attempts to expose "health development" professionals to the Human Rights discourse in the health sector. This paper is presented as an advocacy piece for an alternative to the existing "Health Sector Reform" (HSR). HSR is primarily advocated by the World Bank and is influencing World Health Organization (WHO) policy (WHO 2000). Literature concerning the contrasting of these two approaches to health is scarce. Consequently, for many readers, this paper will mark their first exposure to the human rights-based approach to work in health; for others, it will reinforce and refresh some of their already known key concepts.