The Idionomy of Natural Kinds and the Biological Concept of a Species

in Philosophia Reformata
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Section 1 reviews the concept of idionomy, the lawful condition for the existence of individual things or events and for their aggregates. Contrary to autonomy, idionomy is a relational concept. It refers to a specific cluster of laws, determining a subjective class of individuals besides an objective ensemble of possible variations. Section 2 summarizes various types of these idionomic clusters, to be distinguished by their primary qualification, their secondary foundation, and their tertiary disposition to be interlaced with other clusters. Section 3 investigates whether a biotic species corresponds to an idionomic cluster as described in Sections 1 and 2. I shall argue that the view of biotic species being natural kinds is not at variance with the standard theory of evolution.

The Idionomy of Natural Kinds and the Biological Concept of a Species

in Philosophia Reformata

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