In: Philosophia Reformata

It is remarkable that emergence is seldom mentioned in the discussions by Christians who accept the idea of a biological evolutionary process. Thus, Jacob Klapwijk’s 2008 book fills a need. It is to be hoped that it will broaden the discussions on emergence. Klapwijk’s discussions about Augustine’s concept of time, and his distinction between creation and becoming, should also lead to fruitful dialogue. I was translator and editor for Purpose, and this led to some fascinating discussions with Jacob Klapwijk during the translation process. These were, to mention some of the major issues we covered, about emergence, Augustine’s ideas, and continuity and discontinuity. I also translated Klapwijk’s follow-up article for this issue of Philosophia Reformata. I value the contribution that Klapwijk has made in both the book and the article, and I welcome being asked to respond to Creation Belief. The topics Klapwijk raises are indeed important in the religion-science discussion. In addition to his views on emergence, Klapwijk has also explained his views on creation and becoming (creation and evolution) which, in his opinion, should be sharply distinguished. In this article, I will make some comments about Klapwijk’s position on emergence and about emergence in general. In the second part of this paper, I will discuss Klapwijk’s views on Theistic Evolution and on Genesis 1 and 2.

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