An important sector of the current American evangelical scene is composed of the several movements which have developed in the Arminian tradition. In broad terms, this essay will deal with those groups in the Arminian-Holiness-Pentecostal and charismatic axis of American evangelical Christianity. There will be no attempt to equate these movements since in many ways they are obviously different, but they all stem in one way or another from the Arminian theological stream. Though much of American religious thought has been dominated by Calvinist-oriented Protestantism and post-1880 Catholicism, the Holiness-Pentecostal movements have gained the status of a "third force" in American life since World War II. The recent growth of the charismatic renewal within the historic churches indicates that by the last quarter of the twentieth century, this tradition is finally maturing into a major religious force.