Building on the proposals of Jennings, Bantum, and Carter toward constructing alternative theological articulations that move away from racialized framings, this paper proposes a reinterpretation of the cultural dimension as locus of divine activity. This methodological shift requires that the historically-culturally specific event of Jesus be reinterpreted as opening the door for the celebration of other ethnocultural traditions, which, when coupled with the event of Pentecost, provides enough grounds for discerning the Spirit at work at the level of culture. The two events of Jesus and Pentecost challenge us to reconceive the particular culturally bound ways in which the Spirit is involved in the process of divine disclosure, leading us toward the recognition of the contextual, plurivocal, and multicultural nature of theological reflection.
J. Kameron Carter, Race: A Theological Account (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008); Willie James Jennings, The Christian Imagination: Theology and the Origins of Race (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010); Brian Bantum, Redeeming Mulatto: A Theology of Race and Christian Diversity (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2010).
Néstor Medina, “The Pneumatological Dimension of Orlando Espín’s Theological Work and Its Implications for Engagement with Pentecostal Communities,”Journal of Hispanic/Latino Theology(September 2010), http://www.latinotheology.org/node/96 (accessed October 12, 2010).
Orlando O. Espín, “Popular Catholicism: Alienation or Hope?” in Hispanic/Latino Theology: Challenge and Promise, ed. Ada María Isasi-Díaz and Fernando F. Segovia (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996), 310.
Orlando O. Espín, “Traditioning: Culture, Daily Life and Popular Religion, and Their Impact on Christian Tradition,” in Futuring Our Past: Explorations in the Theology of Tradition, ed. Orlando O. Espín and Gary Macy (New York: Orbis Books, 2006), 4.