The prominent part played by Van de Velde in the Art Nouveau movement would lead one to suppose that he was also an originating force in typography. This is not so, however. At Brussels that honour must go to Edmond Deman, Theo van Rijsselberghe, and the printing-office of Veuve Monnom, who were collaborating together as early as 1876. At Antwerp it was Paul Buschmann who, even before 1893, initiated Max Elskamp, who in his turn taught Van de Velde in 1895. A certain independence with respect to typefaces, and a marked preference for ornament to the exclusion of illustration formed the common ground of ideas linking this group of friends, who evidently remained undivided despite the distance between Brussels and Antwerp.